CBSE Class 10 Social Civics Gender, Religion and Caste Notes

♦ Sexual division of labour : A system in which all work inside the home is either done by the women of the family, or organised by them through the labour of domestic workers.

♦ Feminist: A woman or a man who believes in
equal rights and opportunities for women and men. ‘

♦ Patriarchy : Literally, rule by father, this concept is used to refer to a system that values men more, and gives them power over women. [CBSE 2008 (O)]

♦ Family laws : Those laws that deal with family related matters such as marriage, divorce, adoption, inheritance, etc. In our country, different family laws apply to followers of different religions.

♦ Urbanisation : Shift of population from rural areas to urban areas.

♦ Occupational mobility : Shift from one occupation to another, usually when a new  generation takes up occupations other than those practised by their ancestors.

♦ Caste hierarchy : A ladder like formation in which all the caste groups are placed from the ‘highest’ to the ‘lowest’ castes.

♦ Feminist movements : The movements which aimed at equality of men and women in all spheres of life.

♦ Sex ratio : Number of girl children per thousand boys.

♦ Secular state : A state in which the constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propogate any religion, or not to follow any.

♦ Casteism : Organisation of people into social groups for the purpose of marriage, work and diet is known as the caste system

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