CBSE Class 10 Social Science History The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China Notes

1) Indentured labour : A form of labour widely used in the plantations from the mid ­nineteenth century. Labourers worked on the basis of contracts that did not specify any rights of labourers, but gave immense power to the employers. Employers could impose criminal charges against labourers, and punish or jail them for non-fulfilment of contracts.

2) Ordinance 10 : it was a French law that permitted Christianity, but outlawed Buddhism.

3) Concentration camp : A prison where people are detained without the due process of law. The word evokes an image of a place of torture and brutal treatment.

4) Republic : A form of government based on popular consent and popular representation. It is based on the power of the people as opposed to monarchy.

5) Hoa Hao Movement : it was a Buddhist religious movement launched by Huynh Fhu So, a native of Mekong river delta. It drew on religious ideas popular in anti-French uprisings of the nineteenth century.

6) Viet Minh : The Viet Minh was a revolutionary national liberation movement formed by Ho Chi Minh in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France as well as the Japanese occupation.

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