CBSE Class 10 Social Sciences Print Culture and Modern World Notes

Calligraphy : The art of beautiful and Stylish writing is known as calligraphy.
Compositor : The person, who composes the text for printing.
Galley : Metal frame in which types are laid and the text composed •
Ballad : A historical account Or folk tale in verse, usually sung or recited.
Protestant Reformation : A sixteenth-century movement to reform the Catholic Church dominated by Rome. Martin Luther was one of the main Protestant reformers Several traditions of the anti-Catholic Christianity developed out of the movement.
Seditious : Action, speech or writing that is seen as opposing the government. Denominations : Sub-groups within a religion
Chapbook : A term used to describe pocket- size books that are sold by travelling pedlars called chapmen. These became popular from the time of the sixteenth-century print revolution.
Despotism : A system of governance in which absolute power is exercised by an individual, unregulated by legal and constitutional checks.
Ulemas : Legal scholars of Islam and the Sharia (a body of the Islamic law).
Fatwa : A legal pronouncement on Islamic law usually given by a mufti (legal scholar) to clarify issues on which the law is uncertain.
Marco Polo : Marco Polo was one of the greatest explorers who returned to Italy in 1295 after many years of exploration in China. Marco Polo brought the knowledge of woodblock printing to Europe.
Scribes : Scribes were skilled persons who used to write manuscript for the publishers.
Biliotheque Bleue : These are low priced small books printed in France These were printed on poor quality paper and bound in cheap blue covers.
Johann Gutenberg : Johann Gutenberg was a German goldsmith and inventor credited with inventing the movable type of printing in Europe.

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