CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Sociology

Course Structure for Class XII Sociology (2017-18)

Unit Topic Marks
Indian Society  32
1 Introducing Indian Society (Non-evaluative) Non Evaluate
2 Demographic Structure & Indian Society  6
3 Social Institutions-Continuity and change  6
4 Market as a Social Institution  6
5 Pattern of Social Inequality and Exclusion  6
6 Challenges of Cultural Diversity  8
7 Suggestions for Project Work (Non-evaluative) Non Evaluate
Change and Development in Indian Society 48
8 Structural Change  6
9 Cultural Change  6
10 The Story of Democracy  6
11 Change and Development in Rural Society  6
12 Change and Development in Industrial Society  6
13 Globalization and Social Change  6
14 Mass Media and Communications  6
15 Social Movements  6
Total 80
Max. Marks: 20 Time allotted : 3 Hrs
Part A Project (undertaken during the academic year at school level)

  • Statement of the purpose
  • Methodology / Technique
  • Conclusion
10 marks
Part B Viva – based on the project work 02 marks
Part C Research design

  • Overall format
  • Research Question/ Hypothesis
  • Choice of technique
  • Detailed procedure for implementation of technique
  • Limitations of the above technique
  • B & C to be administered on the day of the external examination
08 marks
Total 20 Marks

A. Indian Society

Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society

  • Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community

Unit 2: Demographic Structure and Indian Society

  • Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions

Unit 3: Social Institutions: Continuity and Change

  • Family and Kinship
  • The Caste System

Unit 4: Market as a Social Institution

  • Market as a Social Institution

Unit 5: Pattern of Social Ineuality and Exclusion

  • Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes
  • Marginalization of Tribal Communities
  • The Struggle for Women‟s Equality
  • The Protection of Religious Minorities
  • Caring for the Differently Abled

Unit 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

  • Problems of Communalism, Regionalism, Casteism and Patriarchy
  • Role of the State in a Plural and Unequal Society
  • What We Share

Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work

B. Change and Development in India

Unit 8: Structural Change

  • Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization

Unit 9: Cultural Change

  • Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization
  • Social Reform Movements and Laws

Unit 10: The Story of Democracy

  • The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
  • Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
  • Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation

Unit 11: Change and Development in Rural Society

  • Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Agrarian Society

Unit 12: Change and Development in Industrial Society

  • From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
  • Changes in the Class Structure

Unit 13: Globalisation and Social Change

Unit 14: Mass Media and Communication Process

Unit 15: Social Movements

  • Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants
  • Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste
  • Responses
  • Women’s Movements in Independent India
  • Tribal Movements
  • Environmental Movements

Prescribed Books:

  • Introducing Sociology, Class XI, Published by NCERT
  • Understanding Society, Class XI, Published by NCERT
  • Indian Society, Class XII, Published by NCERT
  • Social Change and Development in India, Class XII, published by NCERT

NCERT Solutions