Social Sciences Class 10 CBSE The Age of Industrialisation VBQ

Q.1. Mention any three social causes of the clashes between Gomasthas and Villagers. [CBSE 2014]
Ans. (i) Gomasthas were outsiders and had no long term social link with the village.
(ii) They acted arrogantly.
(iii) They marched into villages with sepoys and peons, and punished weavers for delays in supply -often beating and flogging them.

Q.2. ‘Industrialisation brought a big change in social structure. Do you agree? Justify.
Ans. Yes, I do agree with the statement.
(i) Industrialisation forced the workers to migrate from urban areas to cities.
(ii) It encouraged spirit of individualism among both men and women, and a freedom from the collective values that were a feature of the smaller rural communities.
(iii) It widened the gap between rich and poor.

Q.3. Explain the impact of industrialisation on
(a) Women
(b) Children
(c) Do you think child labour is still a major problem? Suggest any two ways to check child labour.
Ans. (i) Industrialisation provided an opportunity to women to come out and work.
(ii) Industrialisation had a negative impact on the children as they were also employed in hazardous factories.
(iii) Very often the entire household -including all the women and children had to work at various stages of the production process. But they were not simply remnants of past times in the age of factories. Their life and labour was integral to process of industrialisation.
(iv) Yes, child labour still is a major problem. Child labour can be checked by :
(i) Spread of education
(ii) Removal of poverty.

Q.4. What is the importance of advertisement? How advertisement was used by the Britishers to expand the market for their products?
Ans. (i) Advertisements make products appear desirable and necessary. Advertisement shape the minds of people and create new needs.
(ii) They help in forming a new consumer culture.
(iii) When Manchester industrialists began selling cloth in India, they put labels on the cloth bundles. The label was needed to make the place of manufacture and the name of the company familiar to the buyer. The label was also to be a mark of quality. When buyers saw ‘MADE IN MANCHESTER’ written in bold on the label, they were expected to feel confident about buying the cloth.

Q.5. Assess the impact of the American Civil War on the plight of Weavers in India during second half at the 18th century.  [CBSE 2014]
Ans. As raw cotton was being exported to England, there was a shortage of raw materials.
When the American Civil War broke out, and the cotton supplies from the United States were cut off, Britain turned to India. As raw cotton exports from India increased, the price of raw cotton shot up. Weavers in India were starved of supplies and forced to buy raw cotton at higher prices.

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