Social Sciences Geography CBSE Class 10 Agriculture VSAQ

Q-1- What is agriculture ?
Ans. The art and science of cultivating soil, raising crops and rearing livestock including animal husbandry and forestry.

Q.2. Name any two farming system (agriculture type) which are practised in India.
Ans. (a) Primitive subsistence (fa) Commercial farming

Q.3. Name any four agricultural products exported by India.
Ans. (a) Tea
(b) Coffee
(c) Spices
(d) Jute

Q.4. What is primitive subsistence farming ? [CBSE 2014]
Ans. It is a type of agriculture / farming which is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, doa, digging sticks and family / community labour.

Q.5. What is slash and bum agriculture ?
Ans. Under slash and bum agriculture, farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their family.

Q.6. Which type of agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools ?
Ans. Primitive subsistence farming.

Q.7. What is intensive subsistence farming ?
Ans. It is a type of farming practised in areas with high density of population using modem inputs

Q.8. Name any two states where commercial farming is practised.
Ans. Punjab and Haryana.

Q.9. Mention any four plantation crops produced in India.
Ans. Tea, coffee, rubber and sugarcane.

Q.10. Mention any two factors which play an important role in the development of plantations.
Ans. (i) Developed network of transport and communication connecting the plantation areas.
(ii) Developed market.

Q.11. Name the cropping seasons of India with examples.
Ans. (i) Rabi – wheat
(ii) Kharif – paddy
(iii) Zaid – watermelon

Q.12. What are rabi crops ? Give four examples.
Ans. The crops which are grown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June. Wheat, barley, peas, gram are some examples of rabi crops.

Q.13. What is the period of kharif crop ? [CBSE 2014]
Ans. Kharif season starts with the onset of the monsoon i.e., June-July and continues till the beginning of winter i.e., October-November. For example, rice, millets etc.

Q.14. What are zaid crops ?
Ans. These are crops which are sown between the rabi and kharif crops. Watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber and vegetables are some examples of zaid crops.

Q.15. Mention any two important factors responsible for the success of rabi crops.
Ans. (i) Availability of precipitation during winter months due to the western temperate cyclone.
(ii) The success of Green Revolution in Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.

Q.16. Name any four states which are the main producers of kharif crops.
Ans. (a) Assam (b) West Bengal (c) Andhra Pradesh (d) Tamil Nadu

Q.17. Name any two kharif crops. [CBSE 2014]
Ans. Rice, millet, maize, groundnut, jute, cotton.

Q.18. Name any two states where three crops of paddy are grown in a year.
Ans. Assam and West Bengal.

Q.19. Which is the staple crop of a majority of the people in India.
Ans. Rice.

Q.20. Which country is the largest producer of rice in the world ?
Ans. China.

Q.21. Mention any two factors which have made it possible to grow rice in areas of less rainfall such as Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.
Ans. (i) Development of dense network of canal irrigation.
(ii) Modern inputs like fertilisers, pesticides etc.

Q.22. Which are the two important wheat growing zones in India ?
Ans. (i) The Ganga-Satluj plains.
(ii) North-west and black soil region of the Deccan. –

Q.23. Name the two most important wheat producing states of India.
Ans. Uttar Pradesh and Punjab.

Q.24. Name the important millets of India.
Ans. (a) Jowar (b) Bajra (c) Ragi (d) Maize

Q.25. Which states are the major producers of rice in India ?
Ans. West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Tamil Nadu.

Q.26. Name any four cereal crops of India.
Ans. (a) Wheat (b) Rice (c) Millet (d) Maize

Q.27. Name the state which is the leading producers of the following millets.
(i) Jowar (Ii) Bajra (ili) Ragi
Ans. (i) Jowar – Maharashtra.
(ii) Bajra – Rajasthan.
(iii) Ragi – Kamataka.s

Q.28. What is the importance of millets ? Mention any two points.
Ans. (i) They have very high nutritional value.
(ii) Maize and bajra is used as fodder.

Q.29. Name a millet which is a rain fed crop, mostly grown in the moist areas. Name the state which is the leading producer of that crop.
Ans. Jowar. Maharashtra is the largest producer of jowar.

Q.30. Name a millet which is used both as food and fodder.
Ans. Maize.

Q.31. Name the states which are the leading producers of maize.
Ans. Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh.

Q.32. Which country is the largest producer of pulses in the world ?
Ans. India.

Q.33. Name the major pulses of India.
Ans. Tur, moong, masur, peas and gram.

Q.34. Why should the production of pulses be increased ? Give two reasons. [CBSE 2014]
Ans. (i) These are the major sources of protein for most of the people.
(ii) These plants help in restoring the fertility of the soil.

Q.35. Why pulses are grown as rotation crop ? Give two reasons. .
Ans. (i) Pulses are grown as a rotation crop because these have the capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil into nitrogenous compound. These help to maintain or . restore soil fertility.
(ii) These need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions.

Q.36. Name the most important pulses producing states of India.
Ans. (a) M. P (b) U. P (c) Rajasthan (d) Maharashtra

Q.37. Which country is the largest producer of sugarcane in the world ?
Ans. Brazil.

Q.38. Which are the major sugarcane producing states of India ?
Ans. U. P, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.

Q.39. Name the by products of sugar industry.
Ans. Jaggery, khandsari and molasses.

Q.40. Which country is the largest producer of oilseeds in the world ?
Ans. India.

Q.41. Name some major oilseeds of India.
Ans. Groundnut, sesamum, rapeseed, mustard and linseed.

Q.42. Which is the most important oilseed of India ? Name the state which is the largest producer of that oil seed.
Ans. Groundnut. Andhra Pradesh is the leading producer.

Q.43. Name a pulse crop which is grown both as a kharif and rabi crop.
Ans. Castor.

Q.44. Name an oilseed which is grown as kharif crop in north and rabi crop in south.
Ans. Sesamum.

Q.45. Name any four plantation crops.
Ans. (a) Rubber (b) Tea (c) Coffee (d) Coconut

Q.46. Name any two important beverage crops of India with major producers.
Ans. Tea – Assam; Coffee – Tamil Nadu

Q.47. “High humidity is good for the cultivation of tea.”Why ?
Ans. High humidity helps in the development of tender leaves.

Q.48. Which are the major tea producing states of India ?
Ans. Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Q.49. Name a variety of coffee which is produced in India.
Ans. The Arabica variety initially brought from Yemen.

Q.50. What is horticulture ?
Ans. Intensive cultivation of vegetables, fruits and flowers is known as horticulture.

Q.50. Name an equatorial crop which is grown in India.
Ans. Rubber.

Q.51. Name the rubber producing states of India.
Ans. Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andaman and Nicobar.

Q.52. Name any four fibre crops of India.
Ans. Cotton, jute, hemp and natural silk are the four major fibre crops of India.

Q.53. What is sericulture ? [CBSE 2014]
Ans. Rearing of silkworms for the production of silk fibre is known as sericulture.

Q.54. Name a fibre crop which is obtained from cocoons of the silkworm.
Ans. Silk.

Q.55. Name two cotton producing states of India. [CBSE 1999]
Ans. Maharashtra, Gujarat.

Q.56. Which region is ideal for’the cultivation of cotton ?
Ans. Black soil region of Deccan Trap is ideal for the cotton cultivation.

Q.57. Name the states which are the leading producers of cotton.
Ans. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.

Q.58. Which fibre is known as the golden fibre ?
Ans. Jute.

Q.59. Name the chief producer of jute in India.
Ans. West Bengal.

Q.60. What is package technology ? What was its result ?
Ans. Under package technology combination or package of many improved methods of cultivation are adopted simultaneously in order to increase agricultural production. This lead to ‘Green Revolution’.

Q.62. What is White Revolution ?
Ans. Increase in production of milk is known as white revolution. It is also known as operation flood.

Q.63. Name two schemes introduced by the Government of India for the benefit of the farmers.
Ans. (i) Kissan Credit Card (KCC) were introduced, (ii) Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) was also introduced.

Q-64. ‘The decline share of agriculture in the GDP is a matter of serious concern’. Give reason.
Ans. Because any decline and stagnation in agriculture will lead to a decline in other spheres of the economy having wider implications for the society.

Q.65. What is Gross Cultivated Area ?
Ans. The net sown area and the land cultivated more than once, together make gross cultivated area.

Q.66. Name any two dry crops ?
Ans. Jawar, bajra.

Q.67. What is dry land farming ?
Ans. It is a type of farming which is practised in scanty rainfall areas and where irrigation facilities are inadequate, e.g., cultivation of jowar and bajra.

Q.68. What is wet land farming ?
Ans. It is a type of farming which is practised in high rainfall and irrigated areas, e.g., cultivation of rice and sugarcane.

Q.69. What is net sown area ?
Ans. The land cultivated in a year is known as net sown area.

Q.70. Name two natural fibres except cotton. [CBSE 1994]
Ans. Jute and flax.

Q.71. Name any four crops which are cultivated under shifting agriculture.
Ans. (a) Maize (b) Millet (c) Vegetables (d) Dry paddy

Q.72. Why shifting agriculture is discouraged ?
Ans. (i) It leads to deforestation.
(ii) The per hectare yield is very low.

Q.73. Which states are the major producers of jute in India ?
Ans. West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and Meghalya.

Q.74. Name any three cash crops.
Ans. Rubber, tobacco and cotton.

Q.75. How has climate made our land more valuable from the agricultural point of view ? Give two points.
Ans. (i) Due to wide climatic variations, all kinds of crops can be grown.

Q.76. List two characteristics of Green Revolution.
Ans. (i) Increase in production of wheat and rice, (ii) Use of high yielding varieties of wheat and rice.

Q.77. ‘Diversification of agriculture can be helpful for the Indian farmers.’ Explain.
Ans. (i) Most of the traditional crops like wheat and rice have very low market value as compare to fruits, medicinal herbs, flowers etc.
(ii) India’s diverse climate can be harnessed to grow a wide range of high value crops.
Marks each
(iii) This type of shifting allows nature to replenish the fertility of the soil through natural processes; land productivity in this

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