CBSE Sample Papers for Class 11  English Solved 2016 Set 2

Section – A Reading      [20 Marks]

1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. (8)
Scientists have suggested that smoking may be a factor for developing psychotic illnesses like schizophrenia.
The analysis by researchers from Kings College London, which was published in the Lancet Psychiatry journal, found that people who suffer from psychosis are three times more likely to smoke than the rest.
While this association is nothing new, little research has been conducted into whether smoking could actually be a causal factor for psychosis.
Analysing data from 61 studies, comprising 15000 smokers and 273000 non-smokers, conducted around the world between 1980 and 2014, the team found that 57%.of people first diagnosed with psychosis were smokers. The researchers also found that daily smokers developed psychotic illness around a year earlier than non-smokers. It has long been hypothesised that higher smoking rates among psymhosis sufferers could be explained by people seeking relief from boredom or distress or self-medicating against the symptoms or side-effects of antipsychotic medication. But if this were so, researchers ww:M expect smoking rates to increase only after people had developed psychosis.
However, the findings failed to prove its causation, with the researchers saying that some of the studies they looked at did not take into account possible confounding factors, such as whether smokers were also regular cannabis users, something psychotic illness is associated with. Researchers suggested a possible explanation for the link could be smoking’s impact on levels of the chemical dopamine in the brain, which also plays a role in psychotic illness.
However, Dr James McCabe, clinical lecturer in psychosis studies at the King’s Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN) said smoking should be “taken seriously as a possible risk factor”for psychosis and not “dismissed as a consequence of the illness”. Sir Robin Murray, professor of psychiatric research at the IoPPN said, “Excess dopamine is the best biological explanation we have for psychotic illnesses such as schizophrenia. It is possible that nicotine exposure, by increasing the release of dopamine, causes psychosis to develop”.
(a) On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it  using headings and sub-headings. Use recognisable abbreviations wherever necessary (minimum 4). Supply a suitable title to it.      (5)
(b) Write a summary of the above passage in about 80-100 words. (3)
I. Smoking Causes
II. Analysis from 61 studies
III. Dr James McCabe suggestion for psychosis
IV. IoPPN psychiatrist Sir Robin Murray

2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.(12)
Travel is a bug that was in me when I was born, probably inherited from my father. In 24 years of travelling widely through India, I have been most fascinated by those little islands that dot the Bay of Bengal off the East Coast of India. Yes, I am talking about the Andaman Islands. Andamans somehow seemed almost sinister, with images of being haunted, bleak and scary, until my parents actually returned from a trip to Port Blair and told us about these serene islands. We immediately awaited the first opportunity to take a break and check them out. Finally, the D-Day came and we were all ready. We boarded the aircraft and to our surprise found that there were several empty seats. On enquiry, we learnt that all supplies to the Andamans including newspaper and meat go from the mainland and so there is always more cargo and less people.
Port Blair airport is a small, old airport that was constructed in 1947. On my way to the hotel I noticed that there are none of the usual autorickshaws that noisily wend their way through most Indian towns. There was only one traffic signal in the entire town and the roads were more ups-and-downs than level. This was all surprising for a person like me who has lived in the coastal towns of Chennai and Mumbai.
The colour of the sea was an unpolluted blue, a colour that I had not seen in any of the beaches in India. It was calm and beautiful. I was thrilled with the fact that we were going to spend 10 entire days there. All we had to do was sit in the open restaurant, look at the sea, enjoy the cool breeze and feel good.
The Andaman Islands are a group of several islands, so most of our sightseeing was by boats. There are a total of more than 356 islands there. Even the oldest boatman, Rathnam, had seen only 200 of them. I figured that 10 days was surely not enough to get a full picture of this place, so I started to store every sight, every sound and every smell. The sound and light show at the jail sent a shiver down my spine. (This trip was before the movie ‘Kalapani’ was released). The realisation that those who fought for our Independence had lived, struggled, suffered and even died here left an impact.
(a) On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following questions by choosing the correct option.(1×6=6)
(i) What kind of a passage is this?
(a) Fiction
(b) Travelogue
(c) Persuasive
(d) Biography
(ii) Why was the author interested in taking a trip to Andaman Islands?
(a) It had a haunted, bleak and scary image.
(b) As his parents had recently taken a trip there.
(c) He loved travelling.
(d) He was largely fascinated by what his parents told him about the islands.
(iii) Why was the author surprised when he reached Port Blair?
(a) The airport was very small.
(b) There was only one traffic signal in the entire town.
(c) Living in a busy city, he had never expected such a town.
(d) None of the above.
(iv) What is the meaning of the phrase ‘sent a shiver down my spine’?
(a) Feel very frightened
(b) Feel very excited
(c) Feel very relaxed
(d) None of these
(v) The synonyms of ‘sinister’ in the second paragraph is……………
(a) threatening
(b)  left side
(c) benign
(d) good
(vi) One thing that left a major impact on the author was……………
(a)the serenity of the place
(b) the wholesome experience
(c) vastness of the islands
(d) the realisation that freedom fighters had lived, struggled and died there
(b) On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the following questions briefly.(1×6=6)
(i) Why were there several empty seats in the aircraft?
(ii) What was unusual about Port Blair?
(iii) How did the author describe the beaches?
(iv) What was most of their sightseeing by boats?
(v) The word……….. in the passage means ‘provisions’.
(vi) The word in the passage which is an antonym of ‘contaminated’ is…………………………

Section -B    Writing and Grammar    [30 Marks]

3. On the occasion of World Heritage Day, design a poster to be put on your school Notice Board highlighting the need to preserve old monuments which are a testimony to history. You are Sarla / Sharan, the President of the History Club of your school.  (4)
or
Draft an advertisement on behalf of your child’s day care centre which is going to be inaugurated shortly. Give necessary details about the features of your centre and other details.  (4)
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-4.1
Look at the pictures. – You came across this little girl who is suffering from Hydrocephalus, a disease due to which her head has got swollen. Belonging to a poor family, her parents could not afford her expensive treatment. Write a letter to the editor of a national daily in about 120-150 words asking the general public,  NGOs and hospitals to come forward and extend help to save the life of an innocent girl. You are Prakash/Pranjali.  (6)
or
Read the advertisement given below and then write a suitable application in response to it. Sign yourself as Abhiraj/Akshara. (6)
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-4.2
5. You see a lot of things happening around you in society. Write an article in about 150-200 words on the topic “Justice delayed is justice denied”. (10)
or
Yesterday you saw a strange incident on the road. A brick fell from a metro overbridge construction site and hit a moving car, thereby resulting in an accident. As a reporter of a national daily, write a brief report on the same to be published in the newspaper.   (10)
6. The following passage has not been edited. It has a missing word in each line. Locate the missing word and write your answer along with the word which comes before and after the missing word.
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-6.1
7. Rearrange the following words/phrases into meaningful sentences(1×2 = 2)
(a) to have/ it is important/ an open mind/ as a researcher.
(b)  many famous/ some/ is exhibiting/ paintings/ the gallery/ of beaches/ of his
8. Harshit is cooking a meal. Give him useful advice by looking at the notes in the  box. Complete the passage below the box by filling in the blank places appropriately.                         (l x 4 = 4)

  • Don’t leave the meat in the oven for more than one hour.
  • Cut the onions as small as possible.
  • Use fresh herbs and fresh vegetables.
  • Don’t put in too much salt or pepper.

Harshit was advised to (a) ……………………… for more than hour. Then he was told to (b)………….. He (c) ………………….. vegetables for his meal. He was asked (d) ………………………….. salt or  pepper.

 Section   – C    Literature and Long Reading Text    [30 Marks]

9.Read the extract carefully and answer the questions that follow by choosing the most appropriate option.(1×3 = 3)

“Where did my childhood go?

It went to some forgotten place,

That’s hidden in an infant’s face,

That’s all I know.”

(i) What belief does the poet hold in the above stanza?
(ii) The poet’s childhood has gone to…………………….
(iii) Why does he think that his childhood is “hidden in an infant’s face”?
10. Answer any three of the following questions.   (3×3 = 9)
(i) Based on the story, “We’re not Afraid to Die …. if We Can All Be Together”, explain how life teaches us lessons when we are face-to-face with death.
(ii) What did Ranga think about marriage?
(iii) In the story, Albert Einstein at School’, how is the difference shown
between information gathering and insight information?
(iv) Why did the narrator decide to forget the address?
11. Answer the following questions in about 120-150 words.
What are the essential qualities of a teacher? Discuss with reference       to     the  chapter, ‘The Browning Version’.  (6)
or
What values do we need to instil in us to avoid the problem of generation gap?
Express your views in context of the poem, ‘Father to Son’.   (6)

Long Reading Text (Novel)

12. Why did the ghost want to visit the twins as “The Headless Earl”?
(The Canterville Ghost) (6)

or

Describe the experiment that General Armstrong wished to carry out at Hampton, (Up From Slavery) (6)
13. How has Oscar Wilde given human characteristics to the ghost? Describe with reference to the novel. (The Canterville Ghost)
or
Who were the ‘Ku KLux Klan’ group? How did they pose a threat to the black people? (Up From Slavery)             (6)

Answers

Section -A Reading  [20 Marks]

1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. (8)
Scientists have suggested that smoking may be a factor for developing psychotic illnesses like schizophrenia.
The analysis by researchers from Kings College London, which was published in the Lancet Psychiatry journal, found that people who suffer from psychosis are three times more likely to smoke than the rest.
While this association is nothing new, little research has been conducted into whether smoking could actually be a causal factor for psychosis.
Analysing data from 61 studies, comprising 15000 smokers and 273000 non-smokers, conducted around the world between 1980 and 2014, the team found that 57%.of people first diagnosed with psychosis were smokers. The researchers also found that daily smokers developed psychotic illness around a year earlier than non-smokers. It has long been hypothesised that higher smoking rates among psymhosis sufferers could be explained by people seeking relief from boredom or distress or self-medicating against the symptoms or side-effects of antipsychotic medication. But if this were so, researchers ww:M expect smoking rates to increase only after people had developed psychosis.
However, the findings failed to prove its causation, with the researchers saying that some of the studies they looked at did not take into account possible confounding factors, such as whether smokers were also regular cannabis users, something psychotic illness is associated with. Researchers suggested a possible explanation for the link could be smoking’s impact on levels of the chemical dopamine in the brain, which also plays a role in psychotic illness.
However, Dr James McCabe, clinical lecturer in psychosis studies at the King’s Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN) said smoking should be “taken seriously as a possible risk factor”for psychosis and not “dismissed as a consequence of the illness”. Sir Robin Murray, professor of psychiatric research at the IoPPN said, “Excess dopamine is the best biological explanation we have for psychotic illnesses such as schizophrenia. It is possible that nicotine exposure, by increasing the release of dopamine, causes psychosis to develop”.
(a) On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it  using headings and sub-headings. Use recognisable abbreviations wherever necessary (minimum 4). Supply a suitable title to it.      (5)
(b) Write a summary of the above passage in about 80-100 words. (3)
Ans. (a) Title Smoking Could Raise Mental-Illness Risk
I. Smoking Causes
(i) Psychotic illness like Schzph                                         (ii) Kings College London research
psychosis 3 times more in smokers
II. Analysis from 61 studies
(i) Tried on 15000 smokers and 273000 non-smokers
(ii) cndt b/w 1980 and 2014
(iii) cnc
â–  57% psychotic patients-smokers
â–  daily smokers developed psychosis early
(iv) Hypothesis for smoking by psychosis sfr
â–  relief from boredom, stress â–  self-medicating agst symptoms
â– side-effects of antipsychotic medication
(v) Researcher expected more smoking after psychosis
(vi)   Findings failed to prove causation
â–  researchers ignored cfdg factors
(vii) Suggestion
â–  impact on levels of chemical dopamine â–  plays role in psychosis
III. Dr James McCabe suggestion for psychosis
(i) smoking possible risk factor                                             (ii) not dismissed as cnsq of illness
IV.IoPPN psychiatrist Sir Robin Murray
(i) excess dopamine results in psychosis
(ii) nicotine exposure causes psychosis
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-1
(b) Summary
Studies suggest that smoking causes psychotic illnesses like schizophrenia. Analysis from 61 studies, done on both smokers and non-smokers, concluded that 57% psychotic patients were smokers and daily smokers developed the disease earlier than others. Psychosis sufferers took to smoking for various reasons. However, findings failed to prove its causation. Researchers suggested the possible link could be smoking’s impact on levels of chemical dopamine, that plays a role in psychosis. Dr James McCabe suggested smoking as the possible risk factor and not to be dismissed as a consequence of the illness. Sir Robin Murray suggested excess dopamine release results in psychosis.
2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.(12)
Travel is a bug that was in me when I was born, probably inherited from my father. In 24 years of travelling widely through India, I have been most fascinated by those little islands that dot the Bay of Bengal off the East Coast of India. Yes, I am talking about the Andaman Islands. Andamans somehow seemed almost sinister, with images of being haunted, bleak and scary, until my parents actually returned from a trip to Port Blair and told us about these serene islands. We immediately awaited the first opportunity to take a break and check them out. Finally, the D-Day came and we were all ready. We boarded the aircraft and to our surprise found that there were several empty seats. On enquiry, we learnt that all supplies to the Andamans including newspaper and meat go from the mainland and so there is always more cargo and less people.
Port Blair airport is a small, old airport that was constructed in 1947. On my way to the hotel I noticed that there are none of the usual autorickshaws that noisily wend their way through most Indian towns. There was only one traffic signal in the entire town and the roads were more ups-and-downs than level. This was all surprising for a person like me who has lived in the coastal towns of Chennai and Mumbai.
The colour of the sea was an unpolluted blue, a colour that I had not seen in any of the beaches in India. It was calm and beautiful. I was thrilled with the fact that we were going to spend 10 entire days there. All we had to do was sit in the open restaurant, look at the sea, enjoy the cool breeze and feel good.
The Andaman Islands are a group of several islands, so most of our sightseeing was by boats. There are a total of more than 356 islands there. Even the oldest boatman, Rathnam, had seen only 200 of them. I figured that 10 days was surely not enough to get a full picture of this place, so I started to store every sight, every sound and every smell. The sound and light show at the jail sent a shiver down my spine. (This trip was before the movie ‘Kalapani’ was released). The realisation that those who fought for our Independence had lived, struggled, suffered and even died here left an impact.
(a) On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following questions by choosing the correct option.(1×6=6)
(i) What kind of a passage is this?
(a) Fiction
(b) Travelogue
(c) Persuasive
(d) Biography
Ans. (b)  Travelogue
(ii) Why was the author interested in taking a trip to Andaman Islands?
(a) It had a haunted, bleak and scary image.
(b) As his parents had recently taken a trip there.
(c) He loved travelling.
(d) He was largely fascinated by what his parents told him about the islands.
Ans. (d) He was largely fascinated by what his parents told him about the islands.
(iii) Why was the author surprised when he reached Port Blair?
(a) The airport was very small.
(b) There was only one traffic signal in the entire town.
(c) Living in a busy city, he had never expected such a town.
(d) None of the above.
Ans.  (c) Living in a busy city, he had never expected such a town.
(iv) What is the meaning of the phrase ‘sent a shiver down my spine’?
(a) Feel very frightened
(b) Feel very excited
(c) Feel very relaxed
(d) None of these
Ans.  (a) Feel very frightened
(v) The synonyms of ‘sinister’ in the second paragraph is……………
(a) threatening
(b)  left side
(c) benign
(d) good
Ans.  (a) threatening
(vi) One thing that left a major impact on the author was……………
(a)the serenity of the place
(b) the wholesome experience
(c) vastness of the islands
(d) the realisation that freedom fighters had lived, struggled and died there
Ans.  (d) the realisation that freedom fighters had lived, struggled and died there.
(b) On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the following questions briefly.(1×6=6)
(i) Why were there several empty seats in the aircraft?
Ans.    Because there was always more cargo and less people.
(ii) What was unusual about Port Blair?
Ans.  There were no noisy autorickshaws wending their way. The town had only one traffic signal and the roads were more ups-and-downs than level.
(iii) How did the author describe the beaches?
Ans.    The colour was unpolluted blue, calm and beautiful. The author had not seen such colour in any of the beaches in India.
(iv) What was most of their sightseeing by boats?
Ans.  (iv) Because the Andaman islands are a group of over 356 islands.
(v) The word……….. in the passage means ‘provisions’.
Ans.  (v) supplies
(vi) The word in the passage which is an antonym of ‘contaminated’ is…………………………
Ans.  unpolluted

Section -B    Writing and Grammar [30 Marks]

3. On the occasion of World Heritage Day, design a poster to be put on your school Notice Board highlighting the need to preserve old monuments which are a testimony to history. You are Sarla / Sharan, the President of the History Club of your school.                       (4)
or
Draft an advertisement on behalf of your child’s day care centre which is going to be inaugurated shortly. Give necessary details about the features of your centre and other details.             (4)
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-3
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-4.1
Look at the pictures. – You came across this little girl who is suffering from Hydrocephalus, a disease due to which her head has got swollen. Belonging to a poor family, her parents could not afford her expensive treatment. Write a letter to the editor of a national daily in about 120-150 words asking the general public,  NGOs and hospitals to come forward and extend help to save the life of an innocent girl. You are Prakash/Pranjali.  (6)
or
Read the advertisement given below and then write a suitable application in response to it. Sign yourself as Abhiraj/Akshara. (6)
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-4.2
Ans.
14B, Shamnath Marg
Moradabad-244001
8th November, 20XX
The Editor
The Times of India, BSZ Marg
New Delhi
Subject   Help Needed to Save a Poor Child
Sir,
Through the columns of your esteemed newspaper, I wish to highlight a rare case of hydrocephalus. In the nearby slum, a little girl is suffering from this disease, because of which her head has swollen to the size of a football.
Due to the ailment, the sufferer cannot move or even stand for a long time. The girl belongs to the family of a daily wage labourer, but needs a healthy childhood. She is in need of a surgery and also after surgery care and medication.
I request the general public to contribute generously in the form of cash / cheque to save the life of an innocent girl. I also look forward to private NGOs and government’s aid to help the needy. For this purpose, please contact the undersigned on phone no 092647xxxxx or prmehtal2@gmail.com.
Yours faithfully
Pranjali Mehta
or
J-23/B, Uttam Vihar
Muzaffarnagar-251004
26 March, 2OXX
The Manager
Tulip Banquet and Resorts, Bhimtal
Uttarakhand-263136
Subject Application for Front Desk Manager
Sir,
This refers to your advertisement in ‘The Hindu’ dated 24th March, 2OXXfor the vacancy of Front Desk Manager in your Bhimtaal Resort. I wish to apply for the same. I have the required qualifications and experience for the post. My detailed bio-data is enclosed with this application. If selected, I assure you that I will give my hundred percent to my profession and work to your full satisfaction. My aim is to achieve great heights of success for the organisation and for myself too. I hope for a favourable response from your side.
Yours truly
Abhiraaj Jindal
Encl: Bio-Data
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-4.3
Educational Qualifications

  • BA (Hospitality) from CCS University, Meerut (72% marks)
  • PGDM in Hotel Management from Punjab University, Chandigarh
  • 6 month English language training course from BSE, Meerut

Internship and Work Experience

  • 3 months internship after graduation at Solitaire Inn (3-star property) Muzaffarnagar.
  • Currently working with Seven Seas Banquets, Muzaffarnagar, for the last two years.

Other Skills       Good communication skills with proficiency in dealing with’clients.
Current Salary                 Rs. 42,000 pm
Salary Expected                               Negotiable
References

  • Mr K. L. Mehra, Head Chef, Solitaire Inn, Ph: 098111XXXXX
  • Pallav Singhania, Manager, Seven Seas Banquets Ph: 099999XXXXX

5. You see a lot of things happening around you in society. Write an article in about 150-200 words on the topic “Justice delayed is justice denied”. (10)
or
Yesterday you saw a strange incident on the road. A brick fell from a metro overbridge construction site and hit a moving car, thereby resulting in an accident. As a reporter of a national daily, write a brief report on the same to be published in the newspaper.   (10)
Ans.                                                                   Justice Delayed is Justice Denied  by Seema
Daily we see that criminals are roaming scot free and their victims face a tough time psychologically and physically. This is only because justice is delayed. The delay is justice relates to the delay in actual deliverance of justice or passing of the final order by a judge.
In India, we find that the working of the legal system is totally unsatisfactory. The number of cases in the courts is increasing day-by-day. The time taken on average is more than four years. Due to this delay, the culprits get time to turn the case to their advantage by illegal ways. They threaten the victim, harm eye witnesses etc. Eventually the victim loses courage to get justice.
The system of law courts that we inherited from the British has grown outdated and needs change to suit current circumstances. Unless steps to ensure speedy disposal of cases are not taken, the justice system cannot give satisfactory results. The changes should aim at shortening the time period of the court proceedings modification in the rules and regulations and simplification of the procedures, so that people’s faith in the legal system can be restored.
or

Bizarre Accident at Metro Construction Site

by Supriya Tandon, Staff Correspondent

New Delhi, 14th December, 20XX Something strange happened to the owner of the Honda City car; an accident that he would not have imagined even in his dreams. On a fine Monday morning he was on his way to office. While waiting at the signal of Dhaula Kuan, a brick fell from the overhead metro construction site and hit his car’s windscreen. The owner, Mahesh got shocked and couldn’t think of anything. He was numb as to what had happened. The glass broke immediately and spilled on the nearby bikers too. Mahesh escaped with little bruises on his face and fortunately no one else was hurt.
He got out from the car and called the police. Meanwhile, the head engineer at the construction site had also come. The engineer took the responsibility for the accident and apologised for the same. But Mahesh was very angry, as he argued that it could have harmed him badly. He was determined to file a case against the construction company.
The engineer, along with other officials, calmed him down. The engineer requested Mahesh not to take any serious action and also promised compensation from DMRC to settle the matter with mutual understanding.

6. The following passage has not been edited. It has a missing word in each line. Locate the missing word and write your answer along with the word which comes before and after the missing word.
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-6.1
cbse-sample-papers-for-class-11-english-solved-2016-set-2-6.2
7. Rearrange the following words/phrases into meaningful sentences
(1×2 = 2)
(a) to have/ it is important/ an open mind/ as a researcher.
(b)  many famous/ some/ is exhibiting/ paintings/ the gallery/ of beaches/ of his
Ans. (a) As a researcher, it is important to have an open mind.
(b) The gallery is exhibiting some of his many famous paintings of beaches.

8. Harshit is cooking a meal. Give him useful advice by looking at the notes in the  box. Complete the passage below the box by filling in the blank places appropriately. (l x 4 = 4)

  • Don’t leave the meat in the oven for more than one hour.
  • Cut the onions as small as possible.
  • Use fresh herbs and fresh vegetables.
  • Don’t put in too much salt or pepper. Harshit was advised to (a) ……………………… for more than hour. Then he was told to (b)………….. He (c) ………………….. vegetables for his meal. He was asked (d) ………………………….. salt or
    pepper.

Ans. (a) not to leave the meat in the oven
(b) cut the onions as small as possible
(c) was told to use fresh herbs and
(d) not to put in too much

 Section   C    Literature and Long Reading Text    [30 Marks]
9.Read the extract carefully and answer the questions that follow by choosing the most appropriate option.(1×3 = 3)

“Where did my childhood go?

It went to some forgotten place,

That’s hidden in an infant’s face,

That’s all I know.”    

(i) What belief does the poet hold in the above stanza?
(ii) The poet’s childhood has gone to…………………….
(iii) Why does he think that his childhood is “hidden in an infant’s face”?
Ans. (i) The poet believes that his childhood is hiding in the innocence of an infant.
(ii) A forgotten place.
(iii) He thinks that his childhood is hidden in an infant’s face because an infant is away from all the hypocrisy of the world.

10. Answer any three of the following questions.   (3×3 = 9)
(i) Based on the story, “We’re not Afraid to Die …. if We Can All Be Together”, explain how life teaches us lessons when we are face-to-face with death.
(ii) What did Ranga think about marriage?
(iii) In the story, Albert Einstein at School’, how is the difference shown
between information gathering and insight information?
(iv) Why did the narrator decide to forget the address?
Ans. (i) Life teaches us lessons from our hazardous experiences when we are face-to-face with death.It teaches us not to lose hope under any circumstance. At times, life presents very grave  situations but if one remains optimistic about finding a solution and overcomes the odds, one  will always be successful.
(ii) Ranga thought that he should marry a girl who is mature enough to understand him. He was  searching for the right girl and did not want to marry a girl who is too young for his age. He  decided to remain unmarried all his life if he didn’t find the right partner.
(iii) In the story, the school education system is more concerned about information gathering  rather than making students proficient in insight information. The teachers want students to t   learn dates and sequences mechanically. They do not encourage the observational and  inferential skills of students that are essential to sharpen their intelligence
(iv) The narrator did not want to remember the address—Number 46, Marconi street. She  thought that the objects Mrs. Dorling had taken from their house had lost their value.  They reminded her of a time which no longer existed. She tried to comfort herself by thinking  that she had no space in her house to put those things.

11. Answer the following questions in about 120-150 words.
What are the essential qualities of a teacher? Discuss with reference       to     the  chapter, ‘The Browning Version’.  (6)
 or
 What values do we need to instil in us to avoid the problem of generation gap?
 Express your views in context of the poem, ‘Father to Son’.   (6)
 Ans. A teacher’s way of teaching reflects his character. We can judge from his teaching style what  qualities he possesses.
In the story, The Browning Version’, two teachers provide a striking contrast to each other. One is
Mr. Frank who is a young schoolmaster who lacks commitment and involvement. He lacks honesty and doesn’t seem to care for the rules.
Another is just opposite to Mr Frank, Mr Crocker-Harris, a middle-aged school master. .He is a ‘           strict man who is more feared than respected. He follows rules and regulations with all sincerity.
He has a wonderful hold over his students. He is a hard taskmaster. He is unrelenting and punishes the children for their mistakes. In spite of all these limitations and weaknesses, students can’t help liking him. This shows that full dedication and honesty should be the foremost priority of a teacher

or

Generation gap is a psychological and emotional gap between parents or elder people and the younger ones. This creates misunderstanding and lack of attachment between the parents and children. The success of parenting lies in how effectively parents avoid the generation gap or ignore differences with their children. Generation gap is the result of the fast paced development of society. In earlier times, two or three generations lived in the same lifestyle and environment as development was slow. Today, parents do not know many of the modern technologies and equipment children use.
Children should help their parents understand these technologies and not treat them as backward. Remember, your parents taught you the little things of daily life.
Parents also need to be co-operative and try to understand the point of view of the modern generation. When children express their feelings, understand them in the modern world context.

Long Reading Text (Novel)

12. Why did the ghost want to visit the twins as “The Headless Earl”?
(The Canterville Ghost) (6)

or

Describe the experiment that General Armstrong wished to carry out at Hampton, (Up From Slavery) (6)
Ans. Despite the non-interference of the ghost, the twins-the disrespectful young Etonians as they were called, after the name of the famous public school, Eton-did not spare the ghost. They intentionally stretched strings in the corridor over which the ghost accidentally tripped. He met a nasty fall on the butter slides that were built by the twins. The ghost felt very insulted. The twins had always fooled him. He therefore decided to make a final effort to give a solid blow to the twins. He wanted to assert his position by teaching the twins a lesson in the guise of ‘Headless Earl or Reckless Rupert’ Moreover, it had been one of his famous achievements that he would perform after seventy years as he had done before to frighten Lady Barbara Modish, who refused to marry Lord Canterville’s grandfather out of fear.

or

General Armstrong wanted to experiment with the Red Indians by educating them at Hampton Institute and for this, Booker was selected as their teacher. He secured from the reservations in the Western states over one hundred Red Indians. The narrator was to be a sort of ‘house father’ to the students and was placed as an incharge of their discipline, clothing and rooms.
He noticed that an average Red Indian felt himself above the white man and far above the blacks, because the blacks had submitted to slavery. But Booker soon won their love and respect. He found them like any other human being. They responded to kind treatment and resented ill-treatment. The most difficult was to convince them to get their hair cut, to give up wearing blankets and to cease smoking. Other than the difficulty of learning the English language, there was little difference between the coloured and the Indian students.

13. How has Oscar Wilde given human characteristics to the ghost? Describe with reference to the novel. (The Canterville Ghost)
or
Who were the ‘Ku KLux Klan’ group? How did they pose a threat to the black people? (Up From Slavery)             (6)
Ans. Oscar Wiide has aptly presented the complexities of a human mind in portraying the character of the Canterville Ghost. On the second night of their moving into Canterville Chase, the Otises had an encounter with the ghost. At one O’clock at night, Mr Otis heard the clanking of metal and the sound of footsteps outside his room.
Taking a bottle of lubricant, he opened the door to discover the ghost in soiled clothes and shackles on legs. He asked him to lubricate his chains and assured to supply more lubricant if needed. The ghosts’ eyes and queer appearance did not frighten Mr Otis.
The ghost ran upstairs where the twins also added to the ghost’s confusion by throwing pillows at him. The ghost felt insulted at the unexpected behaviour and withdrew to his room to recollect his happy past days. He thought that no other ghost had been treated in such a manner as he was treated by the Otises.

or

The Ku Klux Klan were bands of men who had joined together for the purpose of regulating the conduct of the coloured people, especially with the object of preventing the members of the race  from exercising any influence in politics. They corresponded somewhat to the ‘patrollers’ who did  the same during the period of slavery, but were dangerous and brutal. Like the ‘patrollers’, the Ku Klux Klan operated mostly at night.
Their objective was to crush the political aspirations of the Negroes, but did not confine  themselves to this. Schools, houses as well as churches were burned by them and many innocent  persons were made to suffer. During this period, many coloured people lost their lives. General  Ruffner, the husband of Booker’s friend Mrs Viola Ruffner, was one of the white people injured  when he tried to defend the coloured people during a confrontation. Booker saw this as the darkest period of the reconstruction days.

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