New Questions and Ideas – CBSE Notes for Class 6 Social
Facts that Matter:
• Siddhartha (Gautama), who founded Buddhism, was born about, 2500 years ago. He belonged to a â€˜gana’ called the Sakya â€˜gana’.
• He left his home in search of knowledge. He meditated and got enlightened in Bodh Gaya in Bihar. He preached for the first time in Sarnath. He preached of sufferings and unhappiness in life. He taught in the language of the ordinary people, Prakrit.
• Other thinkers also wanted to know about life after death and about sacrifices. Their ideas were recorded in the Upanishads, part of the later vedic texts.
• Gargi was a woman thinker. Satyakama Jabala was a slave thinker.
• The founder of Jainism was Vardhamana Mahavira. He was in the Vajji â€˜sangha’. He also led a life similar to that of Buddha. He said that those who wish to know the truth must leave their homes. He spoke of ‘ahimsa’. He taught in Prakrit
• Jainas had to lead very simple lives, begging for food, being honest and men had to shed their clothes. The Jainism teachings were written for the first time about 1500 years ago.
• The rules for the Buddhist â€˜Sangha’ were written down in a book called the Vinaya Pitaka.
• Monks of Buddhism and Jainism started living in monasteries known at â€˜Viharas’. The earliest â€˜Viharas’ were made of wood and then brick.
Words that Matter :
• â€˜Ahimsa’: The Jain rule of â€˜ahimsa’ means not hurting or killing living beings. According to Mahavira, each living being “longs to live”.
• â€˜Atman: The individual soul which remains permanent in the universe even after we die was called â€˜atman’ by the thinkers.
• Buddhism: The religion founded by the Buddha (Gautama/Siddhartha) was the Buddhism.
• Jainism: The religion founded by Vardhamana Mahavira is called Jainism.
• â€˜Karma’: Our actions have been referred to by Buddha as â€˜Karma’. Buddha said our â€˜Karma’ – good or bad – affect us both in this life and the next life.
• â€˜Tanha’: The desire for more things has been described by the Buddha as thirst or â€˜tanha’.
• Upanishads: The Upanishads were part of the later Vedic texts. The word literally means â€˜approaching and sitting near’.
• â€˜Viharas’: The monasteries where monks lives were called â€˜Viharas’.
• Around 2500 years ago (about 500 BC)â€”upanishadic thinkers preached.
• Around 2500 years ago (about 500 BC)â€”mahavira and the Buddha preached.
• Around 1500 years ago (about 500 AD)â€”the Jaina texts were written down.