CBSE  Sample Papers for Class 9 SA2 Social Science Solved  2016 Set 4

1.Who was Gunda Dhur ?
Or
Who were the Dhangars ?
Or
What was enclosure system ?

2. What are the ‘retreating monsoons’?

3. Mention any two disadvantages of having political competition.

4. Who is the highest executive authority of India ? How is he elected ?

5. Define Fundamental Rights.

6. What is Poverty Line ?

7.Mention any two factors on which the food security depends upon.

8.Define Green Revolution.

9.Why did the people of Bastar revolt against the British ? Explain.
Or
‘The Forest Acts changed the lives of pastoralists’. Explain.
Or
Explain the Dust Bowl tragedy.

10. ‘To expand its revenue income, the colonial government looked for every possible source of taxation’. Explain.
Or
Explain any five causes of deforestation in India under the colonial rule.
Or
What was the impact of the westward expansion of the settlers in the USA ?

11. Styles of clothing in Victorian England also emphasised differences between men and women. Justify by giving reasons.       Or
‘Despite the exclusiveness of the white cricket elite in the West Indies, the game  became hugely popular in the Caribbean’. Explain.

12. Mention any three characteristics of the ‘Monsoon’.

13. Why does India possess a great variety of flora and fauna ?

14. Study the above data given below carefully and answer the following questions:
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 SA2 Social Science Solved 2016 Set 4-1
(i)What was India’s population in 1951 ?
(ii)What was India’s population in 2011 ?
(iii)Which decade has recorded the highest growth rate ?

15. Explain any three major powers of the President.

16. What are the chief characteristics of the Fundamental Rights ?

17. Mention any three features of the Constitution of Africa.

18. How does PDS ensure food security in India ? Explain.

19. What is buffer stock ? Why is buffer stock created by the government ? Mention  any three points.

20. What are the major objectives of the Academy of Development Science (ADS) ?  Mention any three.

21. How did railway lead to decline in forest cover during colonial period ?
Or
Explain the impact of Forest Acts on the nomads or pastoralists.
Or
Why did the British insist on growing opium in India ?

22.Which was the first Indian community to play cricket in India ? Explain the contribution of the community in spreading cricket in India.
Or
Why did Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of clothing the nation in Khadi became an appeal only to some sections of Indians ?

23. Given below is the climate data – mean monthly temperatures and mean monthly rainfall for stations A, B and C from India. Study the data carefully and answer the following questions :
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 SA2 Social Science Solved 2016 Set 4-2
J, F, etc. = represent months from January to December.
T = Mean monthly temperature in °Celsius.
RF = Mean monthly rainfall in centimetres.
(i) What is the annual range of temperature in Station A ?
(ii) What is the annual rainfall experienced by the Station A ?
(iii) Name the wettest month in Station A.
(iv)Calculate the annual rainfall of Station C.
(v) Which station is away from the sea coast ?

24.Why are forests very important to human beings and environment ? Explain.

25.Explain briefly the powers and functions of the Supreme Court.

26. Why do we need rights in a democracy ?

27. Question Based on OTBA.

28. Question Based on OTBA.

29.1 On the given political map of India locate and mark.
A.State related to the pastoral community : Dhangar.
B.A state where Banjaras move.
C.Uttarakhand : where Bhotias live
Or
29.2 On the same given political map of India locate and mark.
1.State where British Government forced the peasants to grow opium.
2.A place not under British control where opium was being produced.
3.Bengal: where the Battle of Plassey was fought.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 SA2 Social Science Solved 2016 Set 4-3
Or
29.3 On the given map of Africa shade the region where the following pastoralist communities are found.
(i)Maasai
(ii)Bedouin
(iii) Beja

30.1 Two features – A and B are shown in the outline political map of India. Identify these features with the help of following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map.
A.National Park
B.A type of vegetation
30.2 Locate and label the following items on the same map of India with appropriate symbols.
1.Delhi Meteorological station

Answers

1.Who was Gunda Dhur ?
Or
Who were the Dhangars ?
Or
What was enclosure system ?
Ans. He was a tribal leader of the Dhurwas of the Kanger forest. The tribal people revolted against the unjust forest policies of the British under his able leadership.
Or
The Dhangars were an important pastoral community of Maharashtra. Most of them were shepherds, some were blanket weavers, and still others were buffalo herders.
Or
Under the enclosure system, the common land which was the property of the whole village was being enclosed by rich landlords. The common land was enclosed by building hedges around the land to separate it from that of others.

2. What are the ‘retreating monsoons’?
Ans. During the months of October and November, the temperature in the Northern plains begins to decrease, and because of low temperature, the pressure starts rising and the low pressure is no longer strong enough to attract the monsoon winds. This results in the retreat of the monsoon.

3. Mention any two disadvantages of having political competition.
Ans. (i) It creates a sense of disunity and factionalism.
(ii)Parties and candidates often use dirty tricks to win elections.

4. Who is the highest executive authority of India ? How is he elected ?
Ans. The President is the highest executive authority of India. He is elected by all the members of the Parliament, and members of State Legislative Assemblies.

5. Define Fundamental Rights.
Ans. The Fundamental Rights are those basic conditions which are considered essential for the overall development of a person. These are guaranteed under the Constitution.

6. What is Poverty Line ?
Ans. In India, the concept of Poverty line is used as a measure of absolute poverty. So BPL (Below Poverty Line) is a line which demarcates the people, who are living below the poverty from those, who are living above the poverty line.

7.Mention any two factors on which the food security depends upon.
Ans.(i)Buffer stock. .
(ii)Public Distribution System (PDS).

8.Define Green Revolution.
Ans.The Green Revolution implies large increase in agricultural production due to use of high yielding varieties of seeds and other inputs such as manure, fertilizers, etc.

9.Why did the people of Bastar revolt against the British ? Explain.
Or
‘The Forest Acts changed the lives of pastoralists’. Explain.
Or
Explain the Dust Bowl tragedy.
Ans. (i) In 1905 the colonial government proposed to reserve two-thirds of the forest and stop shifting cultivation, hunting and collection of forest produce.
(ii) People were ordered to vacate the reserved forests and few were allowed to stay on the condition that they worked free for the forest department in cutting and transporting trees, and protecting the forest from fires. Subsequently, these came to be known as ‘forest villages’.
(iii) People of other villages were displaced without any notice or compensation.
Or
(i)The pastoralists were now prevented from entering many forests that had earlier provided valuable forage for their cattle.
(ii)Even in the areas they were allowed entry, their movements were regulated.
(iii)They needed a permit for entry. The timing of their entry and departure was specified, and the number of days they could spend in the forest was limited.
Or
(i)The expansion of wheat agriculture and overgrazing of the Prairies were responsible for the Dust Bowl tragedy.
(ii)In 1930s, terrifying dust storms began to blow over the southern plains.
(iii)These duststorms had a great impact on the economic and social life of the people.

10. ‘To expand its revenue income, the colonial government looked for every possible source of taxation’. Explain.
Or
Explain any five causes of deforestation in India under the colonial rule.
Or
What was the impact of the westward expansion of the settlers in the USA ?
Ans. (i) To expand its revenue income, the colonial government asked for every possible source of taxation. So tax was imposed on land, on canal water, on salt, on trade goods, and even on animals.
(ii)Pastoralists had to pay tax on every animal they grazed in the pastures. In most pastoral tracts of India, grazing tax was introduced in the mid-nineteenth century.
(iii)The tax per head of animal went up rapidly and the system of collection was made increasingly efficient.
Or
(i)The British encouraged the production of commercial crops like jute, sugar. The demand for these crops increased in 19th century. For this they cleared forests.
(ii)The colonial government thought that forests were unproductive. They cleared forests for cultivation.
(iii) They cleared forests for making railway sleepers and for fuel for locomotives.
Or
(i) Impact on the native people : After the American War of Independence, the White Americans began to move westward. They started clearing the native from their land. In 1800, even the government committed itself to a policy of driving the American Indian westward.
(ii) Impact on the natural resources : The White settlers started exploiting the natural resources. They slashed and burnt forests, pulled up the stumps, cleared the land for cultivation and built log cabins in the forest clearings.
(iii)Production of wheat: From the late 19th century, there was a dramatic expansion of wheat production in USA. In 1910, about 45 million acres of land in USA was under the wheat cultivation which increased to 74 million acres in 1929.

11. Styles of clothing in Victorian England also emphasised differences between men and women. Justify by giving reasons.       Or
‘Despite the exclusiveness of the white cricket elite in the West Indies, the game  became hugely popular in the Caribbean’. Explain.
Ans. (i) Women in Victorian England were groomed from childhood to be docile and dutiful, submissive and obedient. The ideal woman was one who could bear pain and suffering. While men were expected to be serious, strong, independent and aggressive, women were seen as frivolous, delicate, passive and docile.
(ii)From childhood, girls were tightly laced up and dressed in stays. The effort was to restrict the growth of their bodies, contain them within small moulds. When slightly older, girls had to wear tight fitting corsets.
(iii)Tightly laced, small-waisted women were admired as attractive, elegant and graceful. Clothing thus played a part in creating the image of frail, submissive Victorian women.
Or
(i)Success at cricket became a measure of racial equality and political progress. At the time of their independence many of the political leaders of Caribbean countries like Forbes Burnham and Eric Williams saw in the game a chance for self-respect and international standing.
(ii)When the West Indies won its first Test series against England in 1950, it was celebrated as a national achievement, as a way of demonstrating that West Indians were the equals of white Englishmen.
(iii)The pan-West Indian team that represents the Caribbean region in international Test cricket is the only exception to a series of unsuccessful efforts to bring about West Indian unification.

12. Mention any three characteristics of the ‘Monsoon’.
Ans.(i)The monsoon type of climate is characterised by a distinct seasonal pattern.
(ii)The weather conditions greatly change from one season to the other.
(iii)The Monsoons are pulsating in nature.
(iv)These are affected by different atmospheric conditions prevailing in the region. The duration of the rainy season is between 100-120 days.

13. Why does India possess a great variety of flora and fauna ?
Ans.(i)Different types of soil: India has almost all major types of soils. It has alluvial soil which is very fertile, black soil, laterite soil, desert and mountain soil. The sandy soils of the desert support cactus and thorny bushes while wet, marshy deltic soils support mangroves and deltic vegetation.
(ii)Different climatic conditions : Different climatic conditions prevail in India. At some places, the temperature is at 55 °C and at other, it is about – 45 °C. So it supports all types of plants. Some places receive a rainfall of more than 1000 cm, and some receive only 50 cm. This also helps in growing different types of plants.
(iii)Sunlight : Sunlight is one of the important factors responsible for the growth of vegetation. Due to the longer duration of sunlight, trees grow faster in most parts of India.

14. Study the above data given below carefully and answer the following questions:
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 SA2 Social Science Solved 2016 Set 4-1
(i)What was India’s population in 1951 ?
(ii)What was India’s population in 2011 ?
(iii)Which decade has recorded the highest growth rate ?
Ans. (i) About 361 million
(ii)Around 1210.1 million
(iii) 1981

15. Explain any three major powers of the President.
Ans. (i) Administrative Head : He is the head of the State. The administration of the country runs in his name. All orders are issued in his name.
(ii) Appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers: He  appoints the Prime Minister and on his advice, he appoints other ministers in the Council of Ministers. He administers the oath of office to them. The Prime Minister and the Ministers submit their resignation to him, if required.
(iii) To summon and prorogue the Parliament : He summons both Houses of the Parliament to session. He directs a joint session of both Houses to be held. He can also prorogue the Parliament.

16. What are the chief characteristics of the Fundamental Rights ?
Ans. (i) Universal : These rights are universal means they are for all the citizens of India without any discrimination.
(ii) Restrictions : Our rights are not absolute. There are certain restrictions imposed on each of them.
(iii)Justiciable : Fundamental rights are justiciable means citizens can move to the court if any individual or Government is violating his/her rights.

17. Mention any three features of the Constitution of Africa.
Ans. (i) The Constitution has given to its citizens the most extensive rights available in any country.
(ii) The Constitution has built up a new South Africa based on equality.
(iii) The Constitution inspires democrats all over the world.

18. How does PDS ensure food security in India ? Explain.
Ans. (i) PDS focuses on subsidized distribution of the basic commodities to poor households through the fair price shops.
(ii)The food procured by the FCI, e., Food Corporation of India is distributed through government regulated ration shops among poorer sections of the society at price lower than the market price.
(iii)Any family with a ration card can buy stipulated quantities of grain, kerosene, sugar, etc., from the ration shops.
(iv)The most effective instrument of government policy to ensure food security.

19. What is buffer stock ? Why is buffer stock created by the government ? Mention  any three points.
Ans. It is the stock of food grains procured by the government through Food Corporation of India (FCI).
(i) Food security : The main objective of the buffer stock is to distribute the foodgrains in the deficit areas and among the poorer strata of society at a price lower than the market price.
(ii) Disaster or Calamity : The second objective of the buffer stock is to resolve the problem of shortage of food during adverse weather conditions or during the period of calamity.
(iii)To save the farmers from the ups and downs of the market: The third important objective of the buffer stock is to save the farmers from ups and downs of the market. Under this farmers are paid a pre-announced price for their crops. This price is declared by the government before the sowing season to provide incentives to the farmers.

20. What are the major objectives of the Academy of Development Science (ADS) ?  Mention any three.
Ans. (i) Academy of Development Science (ADS) has facilitated a network of NGOs for setting up grain banks in different regions.
(ii) The ADS organises training and capacity building programmes on food security for NGOs. Grain banks are now slowly taking shape in different parts of Maharashtra.
(iii) The ADS efforts to set up grain banks, to facilitate replication through other NGOs and to influence the government’s policy on food security are thus paying rich dividends.

21. How did railway lead to decline in forest cover during colonial period ?
Or
Explain the impact of Forest Acts on the nomads or pastoralists.
Or
Why did the British insist on growing opium in India ?
Ans. (i) Need for sleepers : With the expansion of Railways large number of sleepers were required. To fulfil the demand of sleepers, trees were felled on a massive scale.
(ii) Fuel: To run locomotives, wood was needed as fuel. As railway was expanding, the demand for fuel also became very high.
(iii)Cutting of trees for railway tracks : Upto 1946, the length of the tracks had increased to over 765,000 km. As the railway tracks spread through India, a larger and larger number of trees were felled. Even the forests around the railway tracks started disappearing.
(iv)Forest became accessible : With the introduction of railway the forest became accessible.
(v) Private contractors : With the introduction of railways the demand for wood rose dramatically. To meet the demand government gave out contracts to individuals who began cutting trees indiscriminately.
Or
(i)Through these Acts, some forests which produced commercially valuable timber like deodar or sal were declared ‘Reserved’. No pastoralist was allowed an access to these forests.
(ii)These Forest Acts changed the lives of the pastoralists. They were now prevented from entering many forests that had earlier provided valuable forage for their cattle.
(iii)Even in the areas they were allowed entry, their movements were regulated. They needed a permit for entry. The timing of their entry and departure was specified and the number of days they could spend in the forest, was limited.
(iv)Pastoralists could no longer remain in an area even if the forage was available, the grass was succulent and the undergrowth in the forest was ample. They had to move because the Forest Department permits that had been issued to them now ruled their lives.
(v)The permit specified the periods in which they could be legally within a forest. If they overstayed, they were liable to fines.
Or
(i) In the late 18th century, the English East India Company was buying tea and silk from China for sale in England.
(ii)As tea was gaining popularity in England, its demand rose from 15 million pounds to 30 million pounds.
(iii)England at that time produced nothing that could be easily sold in China.
(iv)This means an outflow of treasure from England to China.
(v)Merchants wanted to balance their trade.
(vi)So they searched for a commodity they could sell in China.
(vii)Opium was such a commodity which had a demand in China, as it was used in medicines.
(viii)So to balance their trade and to earn huge profits, they persuaded Indian farmers to grow opium so that the British traders could sell it in China.

22.Which was the first Indian community to play cricket in India ? Explain the contribution of the community in spreading cricket in India.
Or
Why did Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of clothing the nation in Khadi became an appeal only to some sections of Indians ?
Ans. The Parsis, a small community of the Zoroastrians, was the first Indian community to start playing cricket. They founded the first Indian cricket club, known as the Oriental Cricket Club in Bombay (Mumbai) in 1848. The chief causes for the same were the following :
(i)They came into a close contact with the British because of their interest in trade.
(ii)They were the first Indian community to westernise and learn English language and literature.
(iii)They built their own Gymkhana to play cricket.
(iv)A Parsi cricket team beat the British cricket team in 1889. This triumph filled their heart and soul with pride.
(v) The Parsis thus became the pioneers of Indian cricket. Their example encouraged other Indians to establish their own clubs.
Or
Mahatma Gandhi’s dream was to clothe the whole nation in khadi. Though he succeeded using khadi as a source to inspire the Indian people but there were many with different opinions.
(i)The British machines made clothes which were much cheaper as compared to khadi. Poverty rate was very high in India, so most of the poor started adopting foreign clothes.
(ii)The wealthy Parsis of western India were among the first to adapt Western-style clothing because western clothes were a sign of modernity and progress.
(iii)Though Motilal Nehru gave up his expensive Western-style suits and adopted the Indian dhoti and kurta but these were not made up of coarse material as suggested by Gandhiji.
(iv)As the caste system in India was very rigid and the western dress style was for all, so many people adopted it for self-respect and equality

23. Given below is the climate data – mean monthly temperatures and mean monthly rainfall for stations A, B and C from India. Study the data carefully and answer the following questions :
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 SA2 Social Science Solved 2016 Set 4-2
J, F, etc. = represent months from January to December.
T = Mean monthly temperature in °Celsius.
RF = Mean monthly rainfall in centimetres.
(i) What is the annual range of temperature in Station A ?
(ii) What is the annual rainfall experienced by the Station A ?
(iii) Name the wettest month in Station A.
(iv)Calculate the annual rainfall of Station C.
(v) Which station is away from the sea coast ?
Ans. (i)The annual range of temperature in station A (32.5 °C – 24.5 °C) = 8 °C.
(ii)4.6 + 1.3 + 1.3………………….. = 128.7 cm.
(iii)November.
(iv)The annual rainfall of Station C is 183.4 cm. (0.2 + 0.2 + 1.8 + 50.6 ….).
(v)Station B because it has high range of temperature.

24.Why are forests very important to human beings and environment ? Explain.
Ans. (i) Forest products : Forests provide us timber, fuelwood, hard wood, bamboos, drugs, spices, etc. These also provide us useful raw material for making paper.
(ii) Natural environment: Forests provide a natural environment for wildlife which is one of the biggest assets of India.
(iii) Ecological balance : Forests provide an ecological balance which is vital for the sustenance of all life forms – human beings, animals and plants.
(iv)Livelihood: Forests provide livelihood to many forest communities and tribes.
(v)Fertility of soil : Forests add large quantities of leaves, twigs and branches, which after decomposition, forms humus. The humus increases the fertility of the soil and hence, increases crop production.

25.Explain briefly the powers and functions of the Supreme Court.
Ans. (i) Original Jurisdiction : The original jurisdiction extends to those cases which the Supreme Court has the authority to hear and decide in the first instance.
(a)Between citizens of the country;
(b)Between citizens and government;
(c)Between two or more state governments; and
(d)Between governments at the union and state level.
(ii) Appellate Jurisdiction : It is the highest court of appeal in civil and criminal cases. It can hear appeals against the decisions of the High Courts.
(iii)Advisory Jurisdiction : As the highest court in the country, the Supreme Court gives legal advice to the President of India on any legal or constitutional matter referred to it. However, the advice is not binding on the Supreme Court.
(iv)Guardian of the Constitution: The Supreme Court acts as the guardian, and final interpreter of the Constitution. If the government passes any law or issues any order which is in violation of the Constitution, the Supreme Court has the power to declare the law or order unconstitutional.
(v) Guardian of Fundamental Rights : The Supreme Court also acts as a guardian of the fundamental rights of the citizens. When a fundamental right of any citizen is violated by the government or any individual he can seek the protection of the Supreme Court.

26. Why do we need rights in a democracy ?
Ans. (i) Fundamental Rights provide the conditions which are essential for the development of the inherent qualities in man and to secure his all – round growth.
(ii)These are necessary to preserve human dignity and promote social progress in an atmosphere of freedom.
(iii)These provide civil liberties without which democracy cannot be even conceived.
(iv)These are a significant check on the arbitrary use of power by the government.
(v) Rights protect minorities from the oppression of majority.

27. Question Based on OTBA.

28. Question Based on OTBA.
Note : The student has to attempt any one map question from question numbers  29.1, 29.2 and 29.3. Question no. 30 is compulsory. The maps are attached with the question paper.

29.1 On the given political map of India locate and mark.
A.State related to the pastoral community : Dhangar.
B.A state where Banjaras move.
C.Uttarakhand : where Bhotias live
Or
29.2 On the same given political map of India locate and mark.
1.State where British Government forced the peasants to grow opium.
2.A place not under British control where opium was being produced.
3.Bengal: where the Battle of Plassey was fought.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 SA2 Social Science Solved 2016 Set 4-3
Or
29.3 On the given map of Africa shade the region where the following pastoralist communities are found.
(i)Maasai
(ii)Bedouin
(iii) Beja
Ans.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 SA2 Social Science Solved 2016 Set 4-5

30.1 Two features – A and B are shown in the outline political map of India. Identify these features with the help of following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map.
A.National Park
B.A type of vegetation
30.2 Locate and label the following items on the same map of India with appropriate symbols.
1.Delhi Meteorological station
Ans.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 SA2 Social Science Solved 2016 Set 4-6

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