CBSE Syllabus for Class 9 Science

Course  Structure for Science  Class IX  (2017-18)

Units Unit Name Marks
I Matter – Its Nature & Behaviour 23
II Organisation in the Living World 20
III Motion, Force and Work 27
IV Our Environment 06
V Food; Food Production 04
Total 80
Internal assessment 20
Grand Total 100

Theme: Materials
Unit I: Matter – Nature and Behaviour

Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; characteristics – shape, volume, density; change of state-melting (absorption  of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation.

Nature of matter: Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogenous and homogenous mixtures, colloids and  suspensions.

Particle nature, basic units: atoms and molecules;  Law of constant proportions;  Atomic and molecular masses.

Mole Concept: Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers.

Structure of atom: Electrons, protons and neutrons; Valency;  Chemical formula of common  compounds.  Isotopes and isobars.

Theme:  The World of the Living
Unit II: Organization in the Living World

Cell – Basic Unit of life: Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell  membrane;  cell wall and  nucleus, chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles; cell organelles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; chromosomes – basic structure, number.

Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism:  Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (four types in animals; meristematic and permanent tissues in  plants).

Biological Diversity: Diversity of plants and animals – basic issues in scientific naming, basis of classification.  Hierarchy of categories / groups, Major groups of plants (salient features) (Bacteria, Thalophyta, Bryo phyta,  Pteridophyta, gymnosperms and Angiosperms). Major groups of animals (salient features) (Non-chordates upto  phyla and chordates upto classes).

Health and Diseases: Health and its failure. Infectious and Non-infectious diseases, their  causes and manifestation. Diseases caused by microbes (Virus, Bacteria and Protozoans)  and their prevention; Principles of treatment and prevention. Pulse polio programmes.

Theme: Moving Things, People and Ideas
Unit III: Motion, Force and Work

Motion: Distance and displacement, velocity; uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line; acceleration,  distance-time and velocity-time graphs for uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion, equations of motion by  graphical method; elementary idea of uniform circular motion.

Force and Newton’s laws: Force and motion, Newton’s laws of motion, inertia of a body, inertia and mass,  momentum, force and acceleration. Elementary idea of conservation of momentum, action and reaction forces.

Gravitation: Gravitation; universal law of gravitation, force of gravitation of the earth (gravity), acceleration due to  gravity; mass and weight; free fall.

Floatation: Thrust and pressure. Archimedes’ Principle, Buoyancy, Elementary idea of  Relative Density.

Work, energy and power: work done by a Force, Energy, Power; Kinetic and Potential  energy; Law of conservation of energy.

Sound: Nature of sound and its propagation in varous media, speed of sound, range of
hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and SONAR.  Structure of the human ear (auditory aspect only).

Theme:  Natural Resources: Balance in Nature
Unit IV: Our Environment

Physical resources: Air, Water, Soil.  Air for respiration, for combustion, for moderating temperatures; movements of air and its  role in bringing rains across India.  Air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution (brief introduction). Holes in ozone layer and the probable  damages.

Bio-geo chemical cycles in nature: Water, Oxygen, Carbon and Nitrogen

Theme:  Food
Unit V: Food Production

Plant and animal breeding;  selection for quality improvement and management; use of fertilizers, manures; protection  from pests and diseases; organic farming.


Praticals should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.

  1. To prepare:
    1. true solution of common salt, sugar and alum
    2. a suspension of soil, chalk powder and fine sand in water
    3. a colloidal solution of starch in water and egg albumin/milk in water and distinguish between these on the basis of
      • transparency
      • filtration criterion
      • stability
  2. To prepare
    1. a mixture
    2. a compound
      using iron filings and sulphur powder and distinguish between these on the basis of:

      • appearance, i.e., homogeneity and heterogeneity
      • behaviour towards a magnet
      • behaviour towards carbon disulphide as a solvent
      • effect of heat
  3. Separation of the components of a mixture of sand, common salt and ammonium chloride (or camphor).
  4. Performing the following reactions and classifying them as physical or chemical changes:
    1. Iron with copper sulphate solution in water
    2. Burning of magnesium in air
    3. Zinc with dilute sulphuric acid
    4. Heating of copper sulphate
    5. Sodium sulphate with barium chloride in the form of their solutions in water.
  5. Preparation of  stained temporary mounts of (a) onion peel and (b) human cheek cells and to record observations and draw their  labeled diagrams.
  6. Identification of Parenchyma, Collenchyma and Sclerenchyma tissues in plants, striped, smooth and cardiac muscle fibers and nerve cells in animals from prepared slides. Drawing of their labeled diagrams.
  7. Determination of the melting point of ice and the boiling point of water.
  8. Verification of the laws of reflection of sound.
  9. Determination of the density of solid (denser than water) by using a spring balance and a measuring cylinder.
  10. Establishing the relation between the Loss in weight of a solid when fully immersed in
    (a) tap water
    (b) strongly salty water, with the weight of water displaced by it by taking at least two different solids.
  11. Determination of the speed of a pulse propagated through a stretched string/slinky.
  12. Study of the characteristics of Spirogyra / Agaricus, Moss / Fern, Pinus (either with male or female cone) and an Angiospermic plant. Drawing and providing two identifying features of the groups they belong to.
  13. Observing the given pictures / charts / models of earthworm, cockroach, bony fish and bird. For each organism, drawing of their picture and recording:
    (a) one specific feature of its phylum.
    (b) one adaptive feature with reference to its habitat.
  14. Verification of the law of conservation of mass in a chemical reaction.
  15. Study of the external features of root, stem, leaf and flower of monocot and dicot plants.

Prescribed Books

  • Science – Textbook for class IX – NCERT Publication
  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science – CLass IX – CBSE Publication
  • Laboratory Manual – Science – Class IX, NCERT Publication
  • Exemplar Problems – Class IX – NCERT Publication

NCERT Solutions