Important Questions for CBSE Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 Population
Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 Mark each)
Question.1. Name the organisation which provide us with information regarding the population of our country.
Answer. The Census of India.
Question.2. State the position of India in terms of population size.
Question.3. State the total population of India according to the 2011 census.
Answer. Around 1210.2 million.
Question.4. Which is the (i) most populous state of India?
(ii) The least populous state of India?
Answer. (i) Most populous – Uttar Pradesh
(ii) Least populous – Sikkim.
Question.5. State the total percentage which India accounts to the total population of the world?
Answer. About 16.7 per cent.
Question.6. What is India’s share in the-total area of the world ?
Answer. Around 2.4 per cent.
Question.7. What is the annual growth rate of population of India?
Answer. Approximately 1.58 per cent.
Question.8. Which is the most densely populated country of the world ?[C.B.S.E 1985]
Answer. India, about 382 persons per sq km.
Question.9. Which is the most populated country, in terms of population size?
Question.10. How would you define the term â€˜density of population’ ?
Answer. Number of persons living per unit of area (per sq km).
Question.11. What is the growth of population ?
Answer. It refers to the change in the number of inhabitants of a country/territory during a specific period of time.
Question.12. â€˜Growth of population is expressed in two ways.’ Mention.
Answer. (i) Absolute number.
(ii) Percentage change.
Question.13. Define the annual growth rate of population.
Answer. It is the rate of increase of population in the base population.
Question.14. Name the state having the highest and the lowest density of population.
Answer. The state having the highest density of population is Bihar (1102 persons per square km) and the lowest is Arunachal Pradesh (17 persons per square km). Both these are approximate figures.
Question.15. State two factors which affect the distribution of the density of population.
Answer. (i) Climate
(ii) Natural resources
Question.16. State any two implications of the high density of population.
Answer. (i) Poverty
Question.17. Give two reasons responsible for unfavourable sex-ratio.
Answer. (i) Women are often done to death by dowry seekers.
(ii) Lack of education and orthodox customs also go against women folk.
Question.18. What do you understand by the growth rate ?
Answer. Theâ€˜growth rate’is the annual percentage increase in the population of a country.
Question.19. Why is the North India, plain thickly populated ? Give two reasons.[CBSE2014]
Answer. (i) The soil of the region is fertile.
(ii) There are large number of factories in this area which provide employment opportunities.
Question.20. Why is there less population in Rajasthan ?
Answer. (i) The soil in Rajasthan is less fertile.
(ii) The climate of the region is of extreme type.
Question.21. Define the term â€˜birth rate.’
Answer. The â€˜birth rate’ is the proportion of the number of births in a place in particular duration to the total population, usually expressed as a quantity per thousand people per year.
Question.22. What is death rate ?
Answer. The number of deaths per thousand persons in a year is called as the â€˜death rate’.
Question.23. What is migration ?
Answer. It is the movement of people across regions and territories.
Question.24. What is internal migration ?
Answer. The movement of people within the country.
Question.25. What is external migration ?
Answer. The movement of people across the countries.
Question.26. What is the dependent ratio of population ?
Answer. Dependent ratio is the ratio between the economically working population and the dependent population.
Question.27. The sex ratio in rural areas is some what higher than in urban areas. Give one possible cause for it.
Answer. Migration of male members to the cities in search of jobs.
Question.28. Migration is an important determinant of population change. Give reason.
Answer. Migration changes not only the population size but also the population composition of urban and rural populations in terms of age and sex composition.
Question.29. What is age composition ?
Answer. It refers to the number of people in different age groups in a country.
Question.30. What is sex ratio ? [CBSE 2015]
Answer. The number of females per 1,000 males in the population.
Question.31. Who is literate ?
Answer. According to the Census of2001, a person aged 7 years and above who can read and write with understanding in any language, is treated as literate.
Question.32. What is occupational structure?
Answer. The distribution of the population according to different types of occupation is referred as the occupational structure.
Question.33. What is census ?
Answer. The census is a count of population of a country. In India, it takes place after every ten years. The last census in India was held in 2011. It is an enquiry based on questionnaire.
Question.34. Give two reasons for the migration of people from the rural to urban areas in India.
Answer. (i) Rising population in rural areas.
(ii) Lack of demand for labour in agriculture.
Question.35. Name any two states with high density of population ?
Answer. (i) Bihar
(ii) West Bengal
Question.36. Name any four states with low density of population ?
Answer. (i) Mizoram
(ii) Jammu and Kashmir
Question.37. What is the sex ratio in India ?
Answer. According to 2011 Census, the sex ratio in India is 940.
Question.38. What is the literacy level in India?
Answer. 74.04 per cent (2011 Census).
Male-82.14 Female – 65.46
Question.39. What is life expectancy in India?
Answer. Around 65.48 years.
Short Answer Type Questions (3 Marks)
Question.1. “The people are important to develop the economy and society .”Explain.
What .is the importance of studying population ?
Answer. (i) The people make and use resources and are themselves resources with varying quality.
(ii) It is the point of reference from which all other elements are observed and from which they derive significance and meaning.
(iii) “Resources’, â€˜calamities and â€˜disasters’ are all meaningful only in relation to human beings. Their numbers,
distribution, growth and characteristics or qualities provide the basic background for understanding and appreciating all aspects of the environment.
(iv) Human beings are producers and consumers of earth’s resources.
Therefore, it is important to know how many people are there in a country, where do they five, how and why their numbers are increasing and what are their characteristics.
Question.2. “Assam and most of the Penin-sular states have moderate population densities.”Give three reasons.
Answer. (i) The region has hilly,dissected and rocky terrain.
(ii) The region receives moderate to low rainfall.
(iii) The region has shallow and less fertile soil.
Question.3. Mention the process of change of population.
Answer. (i) Birthrate (ii) Death rate
Question. 4. What are the major factors responsible for internal migration ?
Answer. In India, most migrations have been from the rural to the urban areas because of the “push” factor in rural areas. These are adverse conditions of poverty and unemployment in the rural areas and the “pull” of the city in terms of increased employment opportunities are better living conditions.
Question. 5. What is occupational structure ? Explain. [CBSE2011-2013]
Answer. Occupational structure refers to the distribution of work force among different occupations. Different occupations can be classified into three groups :
(i) Primary occupations
(ii) Secondary occupations
(iii) Tertiary occupations
(i) Primary Producers or Occupations : Those who grow natural products like crops, etc. and are mainly engaged in agriculture and allied activities.
(ii) Secondary Occupations : Those who are producing products with the help of machines like textiles, construction, etc.
(iii) Tertiary Occupations : Those who provide services like education, health services, banking, insurance, etc.
About 64 per cent population of India is still engaged in primary sector.
Question.6. Write short notes on the age composition of population and dependency.
Categorize the population of a nation into three broad categories
on the basis of age composition and explain it. [CBSE March 2011]
What is the relationship between age composition and dependency ratio ? Explain. [CBSE March 2011]
What is the age composition of population? Into how many age groups is the population of a nation grouped ? Explain.
Answer. The age composition of population refers to the number of people in different age groups in a country. It is one of the most basic characteristics of a population.
The age composition of population is expressed in three broad categories.
(i) Children below the working age (below 15 yrs) : They are economically unproductive, and need to be provided with food, clothing, education and medical care.
(ii) Persons in the working age (15 to 59 yrs): They are economically productive and biologically reproductive. They comprise the work population.
(iii) Old persons above the working age (above 59 yrs) : They can be economically productive, but need care.
Anyone, who is engaged in work and has the ability to do so is the part of the working population. The dependent population is either in the age group of below 15 years or in the age group of over 59 years.
Question.7. What is the difference between internal and external (international) migration ? [CBSE 2014]
Question. 8. What is sex ratio ? Give two reasons responsible for an unfavourable sex ratio in India.
Answer. The number of females per thousand of males is called the sex ratio.
In 1901, the ratio was 1000 : 972 but it dropped to 1.000:940 in 2011. Main causes of the change of ratio are :
(i) Low social, economic and political status of women.
(ii) Dowry system is also responsible for this.
(iii) Parents also feel insecure if a girl child is bom.
Question. 9. What are the significant features of the National Population Policy 2000? [CBSE 2011,13,14]
Answer. (i) National Population Policy is a policy adopted by the Government of India in 2000.
(ii) It aims at stabilising the population by 2045.
(iii) It also lays emphasis on the economic growth, social development and environment protection.
The Policy states that it will achieve this goal by raising the age of marriage, making school education free and compulsory upto the age of 14 years and reducing dropouts at the primary and the secondary levels.
Long Answer Type Questions (5 Marks)
Question.1. What is the main cause of the rapid population growth in India?
Answer. (i) High Birth Rate and Low Death Rate: From 1921 to 2001, the death rate has fallen from 42.6 to 8.7 per thousand while the birth rate fell from 49.2 to 26.1 per thousand.
(ii) Poverty: Poor people have to spend little on the upbringing of their offsprings. Besides, the children supplement the family income.
(iii) Child Marriage: Early marriage is a common feature in India. About 90 per cent of girls are married in the age group of 15-20 years.
(iv) Low status of women; In India women have a low social status. They are treated merely as child producing machines.
(v) Illiteracy: Rate of illiteracy of 35 per cent is pretty high in India. Illiterate persons fail to understand the significance of family planning.
Question.2. Explain the process of population change.
Answer. There are three main processes of change of population: birth rates, death rates and migration. The natural increase of population is the difference between birth rates and death rates.
(i) Birth rate: Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. It is a major component of growth because in India, birth rates have always been higher than death rates.
(ii) Death rate : Death rate is the number of deaths per thousand persons in a year. The main cause of the rate of growth of the Indian population has been the rapid decline in death rates. Till 1980, high birth rates and declining death rates led to a large difference between birth rates and death rates resulting in higher rates of population growth. Since 1981, birth rates have also starred declining gradually, resulting in a gradual decline in the rate of population growth.
(iii) Migration – The third component of population growth is migration. Migration is the movement of people across regions and territories. Migration can be internal (within the country) or international (between the countries). Internal migration does not change the size of the : population, but influences the distribution of population within the nation. Migration plays a very significant role in changing the composition and distribution of population.
Question.3. Write an essay on the population distribution in India pointing out the geographical factors influencing the same.
“Distribution of population in India is uneven.”Prove this statement with examples.[CBSE March 2012,13,15 ]
Answer. Distribution of population : The average density of population in India according to 2011 Census was about 382 persons per sq. km.
(i) Low density: The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Aruna-chal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh have very low to low population density. Rugged terrain and unfavourable climatic conditions are mainly responsible for the sparse population in these areas.
(ii) Moderate density: The bulk of the peninsular blocks and Assam have a moderate density of population. Distribution of population is influenced here by the rocky nature of the terrain, low to moderate rain, and shallow and less fertile soil.
(iii) High density: The Northern Plains, Tamil Nadu and Kerala have high to very high density of population because of the plain terrain, rich and fertile soil, abundant rainfall and moderate climate.
Higher Drder Thinking Skills (Hots) Questions/Application Based Questions
Question.1.Study the given figure carefully, and answer the following questions :
(i) Which state has the highest share in population ?
(ii) Which state has’the lowest share in population ?
(iii) What is the share of Bihar in the India’s population ?
Answer. (i) Uttar Pradesh
(ii) Andhra Pradesh
Question.2. Study the above data carefully and answer the following questions :
The magnitude and rate of India’s population growth
(i) What was India’s population in 1951 ?
(ii) What was India’s population in 2011 ?
(iii) What was absolute increase in India’s Population from 2001 to 2011 ?
(iv) Which decade has lowest annual growth rate ?
Answer. (i) 361 million
(ii) 1210.1 million
(iii) 1210.1 – 1028.7 = 181.4 million
Question.3. Study the given figure carefully and answer the following questions:
(i) Which age group has the maximum share in the population ?
(ii) What do you mean by the working population ?
(iii) What is India’s working population ?
Answer. (i) 15-59 years age group, i.e., 58.7per cent.
(ii) Anyone who is engaged in productive work and has the ability to do so is a part of the working population.
(i) What is sex ratio ?
(ii) What is India’s sex ratio in 2011 ?
(iii) Is sex ratio in the country favourable to females ?
(iv) Give one reason for unfavourable sex ratio in India.
Answer. (i) Number of females per 1,000 males in the population.
(ii) 940 females per 1000 males.
(iii) No, it is unfavourable to females.
Value Based Questions
Question.1. Kerala has a sex ratio of 1084. Which moral value this data provides us?
Answer. There is gender equality.
Question.2. The literacy rate in India is 74.40,82.14 for males and 65.46 for females. What does this indicates?
Answer. Gender inequality
Question.3. Mention any two ways to improve the status of women in India ?
Answer. (i) Reservation of seats in the Parliament for women. .
(ii) Improve literacy rate.
Question.4. Suggest any three ways to control the rapid growth of population in India?
Answer. (i) Spread of education (ii) Late marriage (iii) New population policy
Question.5. Who is treated as literate in India ? What is importance of literacy ?
Answer. According to the census of 2011, a person aged 7 years and above who can read and write with understanding in any language, is treated as literate.
(i) Only an informed and educated citizen can make intelligent choice and undertake research and development projects.
(ii) Literate citizens become human resource.
Question.6. “The percentage of population that is economically active is an important index of development.”Explain.
Answer. (i) Economic growth is directly dependent on human resources.
(ii) In countries like a very high percentage of population is economically active so these countries have achieved a very high economic growth rate.
(iii) In most of the developing nations the dependency ratio is very high so economic growth rate remains low.
Question.7. “Health situation in India is still a cause for serious concern”. Give reasons.
Answer. (i) Public health facilities only for
few: At present, less than 20 per cent of the population utilises public health facilities. One study has pointed out that only 38 per cent of the PHCs have the required number of doctors and only 30 per cent of the PHCs have sufficient stock of medicines.
(ii) Poor health facilities in rural India: Though 70 per cent of India’s population lives in rural areas, only one-fifth of its hospitals are located in rural areas. Rural India has only about half the number of dispensaries.
(iii) Poor health status for women :
More than 50 percent of married women between the age group of 15 and 49 have anaemia and nutritional anaemia caused by iron deficiency, which has contributed to 19 percent of maternal deaths.