India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife – CBSE Notes for Class 6 Social

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Facts that Matter:

• Weather is about day to day changes in the atmosphere. It may be hot or cold, Sunny or cloudy, windy or calm.
• There are four main seasons in India—cold weather season (winter) December to February, hot weather season (summer) March to May, southwest monsoon season (rainy) June to September and season of retreating monsoon (autumn) October to November.
• Hot wind called loo blows during summer.
• Climate is about the average weather condition which has been measured over many years.
• The climate of India is monsoon type. It means, most of the rain is brought by monsoon winds.
• The climate of a place is affected by its location, attitude, distance from the sea and relief.
• Jaisalmer and Bikaner in Rajasthan are very hot, Drass and Kargil in Jammu and Kashmir are very cold and coastal places are moderate. Mawsynram in Meghalaya receives the world’s highest rainfall.
• India has a wide range of natural vegetation—Tropical evergreen forest, Tropical deciduous forest, Thorny bushes, Mountain vegetation and Mangrove forests.
• Tropical rain forests occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall.
• Tropical deciduous forests are also called monsoon forests.
• Thorny bushes are found in dry areas of the country.
• Mangrove forests are found in Sunderbans in West Bengal and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
• Forests are very useful for all the living beings. They are the natural habitat of wildlife.
• Van Mahotsav is a programme which involves more and more people in making the earth green.
• The tiger is our national animal. Gir forest of Gujarat is the home of Asiatic lions.
• The peacock is our national bird.
• There are several hundreds of species of snakes found in India.
• The government has started Project Tiger and Project Elephant to protect these animals.

Words that Matter :

• Weather: Weather is about day to day changes in the atmosphere. It includes changes in temperature, rainfall and sunshine etc.
• Loo: It is a hot and dry wind that blows during the day in Summer.
• Climate: Climate is the average weather condition which have been measured over many years.
• Moonsoon: The word monsoon has been taken from the Arabic word ‘mansim’ which means seasons.
• Wildlife: All the wild animals and birds found in the forests, national parks and Sanctuaries.
• Van Mahotsav: It is a special programme organized time to time to promote people for planting more and more trees.
• Natural vegetation: The grasses, shrubs and trees that grow on their own without human interference or help are known as natural vegetation.
• Migratory birds: Birds that migrate to our country in the winter season every year. They arrive in December and stay till early March.