New Empires and Kingdoms – CBSE Notes for Class 6 Social

CBSE NotesCBSE Notes Class 6 SocialNCERT Solutions Social

Facts that Matter :

• A Prashasti is a Sanskrit word which means ‘in praise of. Although composition of prashastis was not a new thing, it became popular only from the time of the Guptas.
• In Samudragupta’s prashasti the poet described the king as equal to the gods.
• Most prashastis also mention the ancestors of the ruler. For example, there is one prashasti that mentions Samudragupta’s great grandfather, grandfather, father and mother.
• Chandragupta, Samudragupta’s father, was the first ruler of the Gupta dynasty who adopted the grand title of maharaj-adhiraj. This title was also used by Samudragupta.
• Harshavardhana ruled Thanesar about 1400 years ago. He also began to rule over Kanauj after this brother-in-law was killed.
• In the beginning of his rule he remained successful but finally his success did not last long.
• The’Pallavas and Chalukyas were important ruling dynasties in South India.
• Pulakeshin II was the famous Chalukya ruler. His court poet Ravikirti composed poems in his praise. It was Pulakeshin II who checked the advance of Harsha.
• Land revenue remained important for the rulers.
• A new kind of army developed. Kings maintained a well-organised army with elephants, chariots, cavalry and foot-soldiers along with military leaders.
• Local assemblies which included the Sabha (an assembly of brahmin land owners) were there. Ur was a village assembly that existed in areas where the land owners were not brahmins Nagaram was an organisation of merchants.
• The condition of ordinary people was not good.
• Untouchables were not treated well.

Words that Matter:

• Dakshinapatha: It literary means the route leading to the south. The term also referred to the entire southern region.
• Genealogy: It means a list of ancestors.
• Kumar-amatya: It referred to an important minister.
• Maha-danda-nayaka:  It referred to the chief judicial officer.
• Nagara-shreshthi: It was the term used for the chief banker or merchant of the city.
• Prashasti: It is a Sanskrit word which means ‘in praise of. The court poets used to praise their rulers in glowing terms.
• Prathama-kulika: It was referred to the chief craftsman.
• Sandhi-Vigrahika: It meant a minister of war and peace.
• Sarbhavaha: The term used for the leader of the merchant caravans.
• Ur: It was a village assembly.

Dateline :

• About 1700 years ago—beginning of the Gupta dynasty.
• About 1400 years ago—the rule of Harshavardhana.