AP SSC 10th class Social Studies 2 Model paper 2015-16 English Medium Set  3

SECTION – I

GROUP – A
1. Do you think the love for one’s country among people of different countries leads to wars?
2. Enormous human cost
The first consequence of the Wars was widespread deaths and injuries. As stated earlier, almost 10 million people were killed in the First and 20 to 25 million in the Second World War. Most of those who died were men and almost all of them were under forty years of age. The two wars also established a regime of lethal arms race, particularly of nuclear and chemical weapons. The world is still living constantly under the threat of total destruction of all life through even accidental use of such weapons.
Q. “It would be a great disaster to human kind if another World War break out today” – comment.
3. Read the following paragraph and answer the given questions.
In the far east with bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan surrendered to USA. US  armies occupied Japan but keeping in the sentiments of Japanese allowed the Japanese Emperor to continue. But it built a Constitutional Monarchy like in England. Japan was to be ruled by the elected government responsible to the parliament (DIET).
1) Why did the USA allow the Japanese emperor to continue ?
2) What is Constitutional Monarchy ?
4. Observe the following map.
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-4q
Answer the following questions after reading the map above.
1) Which Chinese region was under control of Japan ?
2) Was Mongolia under the control of Japan in 1942 ?

GROUP -B
5. What do you think was the difference between the position of the British King and the President of India ?
6. What is the nature of cases and conflicts that can be addressed through free legal services?
7. “One of the greatest weaknesses was undoubtedly the low priority given to primary education and public health.” Comment on it.
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-8q
1) What does the graph show ?
2) Which country had spent more on military expenditure in its GDP ?

SECTION – II

9. What difference would it have made to the making of our Constitution if the Assembly had been elected through universal adult franchise?
10. What was the difference between a landless peasant and landless workers?
11. Did Gandhiji agree with the plans of Bose to form INA ? Why ?
12. Why do you think the framers of the Indian Constitution rejected the idea of dual citizenship (of India and of the state) ?
13. What is called the telecom revolution ?
14. “The raise in the price level of oil will severely affect the social life.”Express your opinion.

SECTION – III

GROUP – A
15. Imperialism created much stress often leading to wars-h .
16. a) What challenges were faced by Germany during Great Depression and
b) how did Nazi rulers and Hitler make use of it ? .
17. Why did the Japanese allow Bose to recruit soldiers, whom they had imprisoned ?
18. After the overthrow of monarchy, China had two different types of regimes. How
were they similar or different ?

GROUP – B
19. Write a short note on basic principles of Indian Constitution.
20. Answer the following questions after studying the table.
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-q20
a) Which state witnessed anti-arrack movement ?
b) Which movement was led by Medha Patkar ?
c) Who led Civil Rights Movement in America ?
d) Name the movement that took place in Manipur.
21. “The ethnic conflicts affected India’s relations with Sri Lanka.”Justify.
22. What were the developments that weakened the inclusive nature of Indian polity ? How is the ability to accommodate different communities and regional aspirations changing ?

SECTION – IV

23.  Mark the following places on the given outline map of World.
1) Poland       2)  Germany    3) Nagasaki
4) Russia                                     5)       Pakistan
(OR)
1) Switzerland      2) China      3)   Portugal
4) Turkey        5)       Spain
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ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-b13-15
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-b16-19
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-b20-25
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ANSWERS

SECTION – I

GROUP – A
1. Do you think the love for one’s country among people of different countries leads to wars ?
A. “One of the largest temptations of any country is sliding from patriotism to nationalism.”
A patriot is somebody who loves his country. Therefore the country of this patriot is by definition the best of the world. Therefore the other countries must be worst.
As the other countries’ patriots do think that their countries are the best in the world also, there is an insoluble misunderstanding which usually finishes into war.

2. “It would be a great disaster to human kind if another World War brake out today” – comment.
A. 1) Many lives were lost in World Wars.
2) First World War saw 1 crore casualities and Second World War 2.5 crores.
3) Most of them were men under 40 years.
4) Both World Wars witnessed the usage of Chemical Weapons even atom bombs.
5) If an atom bomb blasts accidentally, even it could cause heavier human loss.
6) We are living till that danger is looming large at us.
7) If a Third World War were to come, it would definitely cause greater loss to human race.

3. 1) Why did the USA allow the Japanese emperor to continue ?
A. The US armies occupied Japan but keeping in the sentiments of Japanese allowed the Japanese Emperor to continue.
2) What is Constitutional Monarchy ?
A. The government which is ruled by the elected government responsible to the parliament is Constitutional Monarchy.

4. 1) Which Chinese region was under control of Japan ? .
A. Manchuria was the Chinese region that was under the control of Japan.
2) Was Mongolia under the control of Japan in 1942 ?
A. No. It was not under the control of Japan in 1942.

GROUP -B
5. What do you think was the difference between the position of the British King and the President of India ?
A. The difference between the position of the President of India and the British King:  
Under the Draft Constitution the President occupies the same position as the King  under the English Constitution. He is the head of the state but not of the Executive. He represents the nation but dobs not rule the nation. He is the symbol of the nation. His place in the administration is that of a ceremonial device or a seal by which the nation’s decisions are made known.

6. What is the nature of cases and conflicts that can be addressed through free legal services ?
A. 1) The legal services authority through Lok Adalats settles long pending court cases in short time without any expenses.
2) Matrimonial disputes, maintenance cases, harassment cases by husband and in-laws, domestic violence cases can be addressed through free legal service.
3) All types of civil cases, land disputes, compoundable criminal cases, etc. can be settled amicably and permanently by Lok Adalats without any fees or expenses through free legal services.

7. “One of the greatest weaknesses was undoubtedly the low priority given to primary education and public health.”Comment on it.
A. 1) Post-Independence era is marked with less priority to education and health.
2) The optimum development of country depends mostly on the education and health levels of the population of it.
3) It further forms part of Human Development Indicators also.
4) So, I suggest more priority should be given to education and health now.

8.1) What does the graph show ?  
A. The graph shows India’s and Pakistan’s Military Expenditures.
2) Which country had spent more on military expenditure in its GDP ?
A. Pakistan had spent more on military expenditure in its GDP.

SECTION – II

9. What difference would it have made to the making of our Constitution if the Assembly had been elected through universal adult franchise ?
A. It would be more democratic if the Constituent Assembly had been elected through universal adult franchise.

10. What was the difference between a landless peasant and landless workers ?
A.  Landless peasant: A peasant who has no land of his own but works in the land of others which was taken on rent.
Landless labourer : An agricultural worker who does not own or rent any land, and who earns a living by working on someone else’s land.

11. Did Gandhiji agree with the plans of Bose to form INA ? Why ?
A. Gandhi did not agree with the plans of Bose and felt that the Japanese cannot be the liberators of India.

12. Why do you think the framers of the Indian Constitution rejected the idea of dual citizenship (of India and of the state) ?
A. To protect the unity and integrity of the nation, the framers of the Indian Constitution rejected the idea of dual citizenship.

13. What is called the telecom revolution ?
A. Rajiv Gandhi initiated what is called the ‘telecom revolution’ in India which speeded up and spread the network of telephonic communication in the country using satellite technology.

14. “The raise in the price level of oil will severely affect the social life.”– Express your opinion.
A. 1) The raise in the price level of oil will severely affect the social life.
2) Its raise leads to raise in the prices of essential commodities.
3) As we depend a lot on oil imports, its cost raise will charge a lot on our exchequer.
4) It may result in deterioration of forest reserves.

SECTION – III

GROUP – A
15. Imperialism created much stress often leading to wars – Explain.
A. As industrial capital developed in the European countries like Britain, Germany and US, they needed Markets for their products and access to raw materials. As capital further accumulated in Banks and financial institutions, they looked for safe investment opportunities in colonies. Thus by the end of the 19th century there was a race for colonies between the European powers. The governments of these countries acted on behalf of their capitalists to increase their areas of influence and reduce the area under their competitors. As new industrial powers (like Japan, Germany and Italy) emerged they wanted to re-divide the colonies but the old powers were not ready for this. This created much stress often leading to wars.

16. a) What challenges were faced by Germany during Great Depression and
b) how did Nazi rulers and Hitler make use of it?
A.  a) 1) Germany was indeed, especially hard-hit by the Great Depression. The major factor was the Treaty of Versailles.
2) Payments made by Germany to the victorious allies represented a drain of capital.
3) The international trade was triggered by the passage of the Smooth-Hawley Tariff Act in the United States in 1930.
4) Germany engaged in a tremendous hyper inflation of its currency and it wiped out the people’s savings.
5) Workers lost their jobs or were paid reduced wages. Business was in crisis.
6) The large mass of peasantry was affected by a sharp fall in agricultural prices. Children remained with hungry and women in deep despair.
b) The Great Depression helped in his (Hitler’s) rise to power. He built trust among the Germans. He appealed to the lower and middle classes with his great oratory skills by setting up rallies and using propaganda, eventually rising to power.

17. Why did the Japanese allow Bose to recruit soldiers whom they had imprisoned ?
A. Japan and Southeast Asia were major refuges for Indian nationalists living in exile before the start of World War – II. Japan has sent intelligence mission to gain support from the Indian movement. These missions were successful in establishing contacts with Indian nationalists in exile supporting the establishment and organisation of the Indian Independence league.
At the outbreak of World War – II, in Southeast Asia, 70,000 Indian troups were stationed in Malaya and later imprisoned by Japan after the fall of Malaysia and Singapore. From these prisoners of war, the first Indian National Army was formed and received considerable Japanese aid and support. In 1943 the Japanese invited Bose to lead the Indian Nationalist Movement in East Asia. Bose accepted and reached Japan and took the lead.

18. After the overthrow of monarchy, China had two different types of regimes. How were they similar or different ?
A. 1) The monorchial Manchu empire was overthrown and a republic was established in 1911.
2) Even though the Manchu dynasty was overthrown and a republic was declared, the republican government led by Sun-Yat-Sen could not consolidate itself.
3) The country came to be controlled by regional military powers called ‘warlords’.
4) The social and political situation continued to be unstable.
5) There was a movement called ‘The May Fourth Movement.’ It galvanised a whole generation to attack old tradition and to call for saving China through modern science, democracy and nationalism.
Thus, both the regimes were similar.

GROUP -B
19. Write a short note on basic principles of Indian Constitution.
A. The Indian Constitution has 8 basic principles.
1) Popular Sovereignty
2) Fundamental Rights
3) Directive Principles
4) Cabinet Government
5) Secularism
6) Socialism
7) Federalism
8) Judicial Independence
1) Popular Sovereignty: India is externally free from the control of any foreign power and internally, it has a free government which is directly elected by the people and makes laws that govern the people.
2) Fundamental Rights: These are the basic human rights of all citizens. These rights apply irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed or sex. These are enforceable by the court and subject to specific restrictions.
3) Directive Principles: These are guidelines for the framing of laws by the government. These provisions are not enforceable by the courts.
4) Cabinet Government: A Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.
5) Secularism : Secularism is the basic structure of the Indian Constitution. The government respects all religions. It does not uplift or degrade any particular religion.
6) Socialism: The word ‘socialist’ was added to the Preamble by the 42nd amendment. It implies social and economic equality.
7) Federalism : It is a system based upon democratic rules and institutions in which the power to govern is shared between national and state governments.
8) Judicial Independence : The Indian Judiciary is independent of the executive and legislative branches of government according to the Constitution.

20. a) Which state witnessed anti-arrack movement ?
A. Andhra Pradesh is the state which witnessed anti-arrack movement.
b) Which movement was led by Medha Patkar ?
A. Narmada Bachao Andolan was led by Medha Patkar.
c) Who led Civil Rights Movement in America ?
A. Dr. Martin Luther King led Civil Rights Movement in America.
d) Name the movement that took place in Manipur.
A. Anti AFSPA is the movement that took place in Manipur.

21. “The ethnic conflicts affected India’s relations with Sri Lanka.”Justify.
A. 1) Since times immemorial, India and Sri Lanka have cultural, ethnic and economic relations.
2) A major irritant in the relation between the two countries has been the treatment of Tamil speaking minorities by the Sri Lankan government.
3) The large scale influx of Sri Lankan Tamil refugees into India posed a special problem.
4) India made an agreement with Sri Lanka and Tamil militants to maintain peace on the land.
5) India sending its armies to keep peace in Sri Lanka and it caused the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.
6) Thus, ethnic conflicts affected India’s relations with Sri Lanka.

22. What were the developments that weakened the inclusive nature of Indian polity ?
How is the ability to accommodate different communities and regional aspirations  changing ?
A. 1) There were a few developments that weakened the inclusive nature of Indian polity.
2) After emergency the victorious Janata Party dismissed nine Congress governments
in the states.
3) In 1980 when Congress came to power, it dismissed nine Janata governments in the states.
4) The actions of both these, weakened the inclusive nature of Indian polity.
5) The people of many states felt alienated and wanted either greater autonomy or decision making.
6) They demanded centre’s lower interfence in state matters, stopping the misuse of the powers of Governor and imposition of President Rule arbitrarily.

SECTION-IV

23. Mark the following places on the given outline map of World.
1) Poland     2) Germany    3) Nagasaki   4) Russia  5) Pakistan
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-23.1
1)  Switezerland  2) China  3) portugal  4) Turkey   5) Spain
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-23.2
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ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-b13-15
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-b16-19
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-b20-25
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ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-3-answer set

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