What is Government – CBSE Notes for Class 6 Social

CBSE NotesCBSE Notes Class 6 SocialNCERT Solutions Social

Facts that Matter:

• Each country needs a government to make important decisions and function well. The decisions may be economic, educational or social.
• The government also takes care of the international boundaries and relations with other countries. It is responsible for the transport facilities and health facilities for citizens.
• The government works at different levels—like, local level, state level, national level.
• The government makes laws and every citizen is supposed to follow them. Laws need to be enforced for proper function of the government.
• Citizens can also take the help of law if they are dissatisfied with something.
• There are some types of government, like democratic, monarch, etc. In a democracy (like India), the people elect the government themselves by voting in the election. In a monarchy the king/queen has the power to make decisions and no one from the citizens can* object to them.
• The basic idea of democracy is that people rule themselves by taking part in the law-making.
• Nowadays, democratic governments are better known as ‘representative democracies’. People do not participate directly. They choose their representatives during elections and these representatives come together for the decision-making process. All adults in the country are eligible to vote according to the universal adult franchise.
• There are instances in history when governments did not allow women, the poor people and the uneducated to vote. But when India got independence, universal adult franchise was enforced.

Words that Matter:

• Government: The system or machinery present in each country in order to make decisions for the proper running of the country is called government.
• Laws: The rules laid down by the government for the proper functioning of the country are called laws.
• Democracy: A system of government in which the people (citizens) of the country choose their leaders to rule is called democracy. The elected government is answerable to its people for its decisions.
• Monarchy: A system of government which is run by a king/queen on a hereditary basis and where people do not get their say in decision-making is called a monarchy. The king/queen is said to be the monarch.
• Elections: The process in which citizens of a democratic country cast their votes for the leaders of their choice is called election. The elected leaders form a government later.
• Representative Democracy: A form of democracy in which people do not elect the government directly but only choose their representative, who collectively form a government is called representative democracy. Most democracies are representative in nature.
• Universal Adult Franchise: The rule that allows all adults in the country, irrespective of caste, creed, gender, literacy, occupation, etc., to vote and take part in the elections, is the universal adult franchise.